Particle Physics - Brian R. Martin - ebook

Particle Physics ebook

Brian R. Martin

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An accessible and carefully structured introduction to Particle Physics, including important coverage of the Higgs Boson and recent progress in neutrino physics. * Fourth edition of this successful title in the Manchester Physics series * Includes information on recent key discoveries including: An account of the discovery of exotic hadrons, byond the simple quark model; Expanded treatments of neutrino physics and CP violation in B-decays; An updated account of 'physics beyond the standard model', including the interaction of Particle Physics with cosmology * Additional problems in all chapters, with solutions to selected problems available on the book's website * Advanced material appears in optional starred sections

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The Manchester Physics Series

General Editors

J.R. FORSHAW, H.F. GLEESON, F.K. LOEBINGER

School of Physics and Astronomy

,

University of Manchester

Properties of Matter

B.H. Flowers and E. Mendoza

Statistical Physics

Second Edition

F. Mandl

Electromagnetism

Second Edition

l.S. Grant and W.R. Phillips

Statistics

R.J. Barlow

Solid State Physics

Second Edition

J.R. Hook and H.E. Hall

Quantum Mechanics

F. Mandl

Computing for Scientists

R.J. Barlow and A.R. Barnett

The Physics of Stars

Second Edition

A.C. Phillips

Nuclear Physics

J.S. Lilley

Introduction to Quantum Mechanics

A.C. Phillips

Dynamics and Relativity

J.R. Forshaw and A.G. Smith

Vibrations and Waves

G.C. King

Mathematics for Physicists

B.R. Martin and G. Shaw

Particle Physics

Fourth Edition

B.R. Martin and G. Shaw

Particle Physics

Fourth Edition

B.R. MARTIN

Department of Physics and Astronomy University College London

G. SHAW

School of Physics and Astronomy Manchester University

This edition first published 2017 © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd

Registered officeJohn Wiley & Sons, Ltd, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex, PO19 8SQ, United Kingdom

For details of our global editorial offices, for customer services and for information about how to apply for permission to reuse the copyright material in this book please see our website at www.wiley.com.

The right of the authors to be identified as the authors of this work has been asserted in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, except as permitted by the UK Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, without the prior permission of the publisher.

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Designations used by companies to distinguish their products are often claimed as trademarks. All brand names and product names used in this book are trade names, service marks, trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. The publisher is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book. This publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter covered. It is sold on the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering professional services. If professional advice or other expert assistance is required, the services of a competent professional should be sought.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data applied for.

A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.

ISBN: 9781118911907 (hardback), 9781118912164 (paperback)

The pictures on the front cover show two Higgs boson production events obtained at the LHC accelerator at CERN. The larger circle shows the decay of the Higgs to four electrons (indicated by the blue and red lines) obtained by the ATLAS collaboration and the smaller circle shows the decay of the Higgs to two gamma rays (indicated by the green lines) obtained by the CMS collaboration.

‘But why are such terrific efforts made just to find new particles?’ asked Mr Tompkins.

‘Well, this is science,’ replied the professor, ‘the attempt of the human mind to understand everything around us, be it giant stellar galaxies, microscopic bacteria, or these elementary particles. It is interesting and exciting, and that is why we are doing it.’

From Mr Tompkins Tastes a Japanese Meal, by George Gamow (Mr Tompkins in Paperback, Cambridge University Press (1965), p.186).

List of Tables

Appendix D

Table D.1

Chapter 1

Table 1.1

Chapter 2

Table 2.1

Chapter 3

Table 3.1

Table 3.2

Table 3.3

Table 3.4

Table 3.5

Chapter 4

Table 4.1

Table 4.2

Table 4.3

Table 4.4

Chapter 5

Table 5.1

Chapter 6

Table 6.1

Table 6.2

Table 6.3

Table 6.4

Table 6.5

Table 6.6

Table 6.7

Table 6.8

Table 6.9

Table 6.10

Table 6.11

Table 6.12

Table 6.13

Table 6.14

Chapter 9

Table 9.1

Chapter 10

Table 10.1

Table 10.2

Chapter 12

Table 12.1

Guide

Cover

Table of Contents

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Editors' preface to the Manchester Physics Series

The Manchester Physics Series is a set of textbooks at first degree level. It grew out of the experience at the University of Manchester, widely shared elsewhere, that many textbooks contain much more material than can be accommodated in a typical undergraduate course; and that this material is only rarely so arranged as to allow the definition of a short self-contained course. The plan for this series was to produce short books so that lecturers would find them attractive for undergraduate courses, and so that students would not be frightened off by their encyclopaedic size or price. To achieve this, we have been very selective in the choice of topics, with the emphasis on the basic physics together with some instructive, stimulating and useful applications.