Scenario-Based Training with X-Plane and Microsoft Flight Simulator - Bruce Williams - ebook

Scenario-Based Training with X-Plane and Microsoft Flight Simulator ebook

Bruce Williams

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114,99 zł

Opis

Fly toward pilot certification with these real-world scenarioexercises Although PC-based flight simulations have been available for 30years, many pilots, instructors, and flight schools don'tunderstand how best to use these tools in real-world flighttraining and pilot proficiency programs. This invaluable referencebridges the gap between simulation tools and real-world situationsby presenting hands-on, scenario-based exercises and training tipsfor the private pilot certificate and instrument rating. As thefirst of its kind based on FAA-Industry Training Standards (FITS),this book steers its focus on a scenario-based curriculum thatemphasizes real-world situations. Experienced pilot and author Bruce Williams ultimately aims toengage the pilot, reinforce the "realistic" selling point ofPC-based flight simulations, while also complementing theFAA-approved FITS syllabi. * Serves as essential reading for pilots who want to makeeffective use of simulation in their training while expanding theirskill level and enjoyment of flying * Covers private pilot real-world scenarios and instrument ratingscenarios * Includes a guide to recommended websites and otherresources * Features helpful charts as well as a glossary You'll take off towards pilot certification with this invaluablebook by your side.

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Liczba stron: 496




Table of Contents

Cover

Part I: Before You Take Off

Chapter 1: What You Need to Use This Book

Supported Flight Simulations

Computer and Accessories

Additional Software and Web Access

Glass Cockpits and Flying RNAV (GPS) Procedures

Virtual Flying with Others

Chapter 2: Essential Resources on the Website

Additional Resources for X-Plane and FSX

Scenarios

Resources for Further Learning

Charts

Chapter 3: Using PC-Based Simulations Effectively

The Great Debate

Simulators, FTDs, and Simulations

The Deeper Distinction

Where X-Plane and FSX Fit In

ATD Instructional Features

Flight Dynamics

The Consensus

Echoes of Long-Running Disputes

Limitations of Training Devices

Logging Simulation Time

Other Uses for PC-Based Simulations

Summary

Chapter 4: Scenario-Based Training for Virtual Aviators

Learning Like a Real Pilot

A Systematic Approach

Starting Over?

Learning to Fly

Chapter 5: Choosing a PC-Based Simulation: X-Plane or FSX?

Essential Features

Basic Decision Tree

Add-Ons

Cockpit Controls

Realism

Help and Support

Chapter 6: A Quick Guide to X-Plane

Getting Help for X-Plane

The Cessna 172 Cockpit in X-Plane

Important X-Plane Commands

Recording Flights in X-Plane

Instructor Operating Station

Chapter 7: A Quick Guide to Microsoft Flight Simulator X

Getting Help for FSX

The Cessna 172 Cockpit in FSX

Important FSX Menus

Recording Flights in FSX

Using the Shared Aircraft Feature

Part II: Getting the Most from X-Plane and FSX

Chapter 8: Beyond the Basics: Additional Advice about Using Simulations Effectively

Developing Situational Awareness

Using Other Airplane Types

Choosing Conventional Gauges or Glass

Adding Randomness

Using the Charts and Data

Simulating Air Traffic Control

Complementing Formal Training

Chapter 9: Scenario-Based Training and FITS

The FITS Approach

Scenario-Based Training

PC-Based Simulations and SBT

Aeronautical Decision Making and Risk Management

Learner-Centered Grading

Further Reading

Chapter 10: Using the Scenarios in This Book

Starting Points: Situations and Flights

Flying in the Pacific Northwest

Preparing for a Lesson

Installing the Scenarios

Installing the Situations for X-Plane

Installing the Flights for FSX

Naming Conventions

Part III: Flying Fundamentals

Chapter 11: Flying Fundamentals

Integrated Flight Instruction

Getting a Better View

The Golden Rule of Flying

The Four Fundamentals

Using the Trim Control

Using the Rudder

Chapter 12: Flying the Cessna 172 Skyhawk

Skyhawk Tips from the AOPA ASI

Key Specifications

Cessna 172: Cockpit Tour

X-Plane Default Cockpit View

Flying Tips

Cessna 172 Performance Data

Part IV: Private Pilot Scenarios

Chapter 13: Introduction to the Private Pilot Syllabus

What Is a Private Pilot?

Basic Requirements

Essential References

Three-Phase Private Pilot Syllabus

Chapter 14: Private Pilot Lesson 1: Introductory Flight

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 15: Private Pilot Lesson 2: Fundamental Flight Maneuvers

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 16: Private Pilot Lesson 3: Ground Reference Maneuvers

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 17: Private Pilot Lesson 4: A Short Cross-Country Flight

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 18: Private Pilot Lesson 5: Another Short Cross-Country Flight

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 19: Private Pilot Lesson 6: A Trip to a Fly-In Breakfast

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 20: Private Pilot Lesson 7: Ground Reference Maneuvers

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 21: Private Pilot Lesson 8: Evening Flight

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 22: Private Pilot Lesson 9: Charity Flight

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 23: Private Pilot Lesson 10: Crosswind Landings

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 24: Private Pilot Lesson 11: Preparation for Solo Flight

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 25: Private Pilot Lesson 12: First Solo Flight

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 26: Private Pilot Lesson 13: Review of Basic Maneuvers

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 27: Private Pilot Lesson 14: Progress Assessment: Stage Check

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 28: Private Pilot Lesson 15: Soft-Field Landings

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 29: Private Pilot Lesson 16: VOR Navigation

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 30: Private Pilot Lesson 17: Maximum Performance Takeoffs and Landings

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 31: Private Pilot Lesson 18: Flight in Marginal Weather

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 32: Private Pilot Lesson 19: Solo Practice Flight

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 33: Private Pilot Lesson 20: Long Cross-Country Flight

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 34: Private Pilot Lesson 21: Cross-Country Night Flight

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 35: Private Pilot Lesson 22: Flight Planning and Navigation Practice

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 36: Private Pilot Lesson 23: Night Cross-Country Flight

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 37: Private Pilot Lesson 24: Night Freight Run

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 38: Private Pilot Lesson 25: Cross-Country Flight in Marginal VFR

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 39: Private Pilot Lesson 26: Cross-Country Flight: Progress Check

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 40: Private Pilot Lesson 27: Long Solo Cross-Country Flight

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 41: Private Pilot Lesson 28: Preparation for the Practical Test

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 42: Private Pilot Lesson 29: Further Preparation for the Practical Test

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 43: Private Pilot Lesson 30: The Private Pilot Practical Test

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Part V: Instrument Rating Scenarios

Chapter 44: Introduction to the Instrument Rating Syllabus: Background and Resources for IFR Lessons

What Is an Instrument Rating?

Basic Requirements

Essential References

Resources from the AOPA Air Safety Institute

IFR Charts

Important X-Plane Limitations

Important FSX Limitations

RNAV (GPS) Approaches

Current Approach Information

The IFR Syllabus

Chapter 45: IFR Lesson 1: Basic Attitude Instrument Flying

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 46: IFR Lesson 2: Basic Attitude Instrument Flying

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 47: IFR Lesson 3: Partial-Panel Flight

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 48: IFR Lesson 4: Partial- Panel Instrument Flight

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 49: IFR Lesson 5: Holding Procedures

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 50: IFR Lesson 6: Non- Precision Approach

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 51: IFR Lesson 7: IFR Departures and Localizer Approach

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 52: IFR Lesson 8: ILS Approach

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 53: IFR Lesson 9: IFR Cross-Country

Scenario

DME Arcs

Automatic Direction Finder (ADF)

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 54: IFR Lesson 10: IFR Cross-Country

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 55: IFR Lesson 11: IFR Cross- Country and Equipment Malfunctions

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 56: IFR Lesson 12: IFR Cross- Country and Off- Airway Routes

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 57: IFR Lesson 13: Long IFR Cross- Country

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 58: IFR Lesson 14: Night IFR Flight

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 59: IFR Lesson 15: Night Approaches

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 60: IFR Lesson 16: Practical Test Preparation

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 61: IFR Lesson 17: Practical Test Preparation

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 62: IFR Lesson 18: IFR Practical Test

Scenario

Objectives

Completion Standards

References and Resources

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Objectives and Desired Outcome Grading Sheet

Chapter 63

Chapter 63: Introduction to the Advanced Scenarios: Test Your Skills

Useful References

Flying Tips

Chapter 64: Advanced 1: Eugene, OR, to Olympia, WA

Charts and Information

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Chapter 65: Advanced 2: Night Flight: Spokane, WA, to Walla Walla, WA

Charts and Information

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Chapter 66: Advanced 3: Boise, ID, to Redmond, OR

Charts and Information

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Chapter 67: Advanced 4: Crossing the Cascades

Charts and Information

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Chapter 68: Advanced 5: Medford, OR, to Astoria, OR

Charts and Information

Preflight Briefing

What-Ifs

Glossary

Copyright

Introduction

Part I: Before You Take Off

In This Part

Chapter 1: What You Need to Use This Book

Chapter 2: Essential Resources on the Website

Chapter 3: Using PC-Based Simulations Effectively

Chapter 4: Scenario-Based Training for Virtual Aviators

Chapter 5: Choosing a PC-Based Simulation: X-Plane or FSX?

Chapter 6: A Quick Guide to X-Plane

Chapter 7: A Quick Guide to Microsoft Flight Simulator X

Chapter 1

What You Need to Use This Book

If you’re like most pilots, you enjoy gadgets — they’re one of aviation’s main attractions — and when you get serious about using a PC-based simulation to complement flight training or the hobby of virtual flying, it’s tempting to set up an elaborate home cockpit.

But aside from the desire to learn and a commitment to work through the lessons in this book in a logical sequence, here’s all you need to use this book effectively:

X-Plane version 9 or Microsoft Flight Simulator X (FSX)A suitable computer with a single display, a basic joystick, and a mouse (a keyboard usually isn’t required after you start the simulation); even a laptop can suffice (see Figure 1-1)Web access to download the scenarios and background reading for the lessonsA PDF reader, such as the free Adobe Reader, to read the FAA training handbooks, view charts, and use other resources that complement this book

Figure 1-1: The minimum required setup for X-Plane or FSX: a laptop, mouse, and joystick

Cross-reference

For more information about using PC-based simulations in training, see Chapter 8.

Supported Flight Simulations

Pilots and flight simulation enthusiasts engage in passionate debates about the relative merits of X-Plane (see Figure 1-2) versus FSX (see Figure 1-3) — you’ll find a chapter devoted to the subject later in this book — but either product can be equally effective when used properly as a training tool.

The scenarios in this book are based on preset initial conditions — location, time of day, weather, and so forth — stored in files that you can open in either X-Plane or FSX. You can find separate sets of these scenarios for each simulation at this book’s website at www.wiley.com/go/flightsimulatortraining.

These scenarios assume a standard installation of either X-Plane or FSX, and they are based in the Pacific Northwest, a region presented well in both simulations. Enhanced scenery and features such as advanced navigation displays are not required.

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