AutoCAD 2017 and AutoCAD LT 2017 - Scott Onstott - ebook

AutoCAD 2017 and AutoCAD LT 2017 ebook

Scott Onstott

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159,99 zł

Opis

Hands-on AutoCAD 2017 instruction for a real-world workflow AutoCAD 2017 and AutoCAD LT 2017 Essentials is the unique task-based tutorial designed for both students and the professional AutoCAD user. Concise, straightforward explanations and real-world, hands-on exercises provide an authoritative, easy-to-follow guide to the platform's core features and functions. Step-by-step tutorials are backed by full-color screenshots, and each chapter ends with an open-ended project to reinforce the chapter's lessons and provide a fully immersive learning experience. The companion website features downloadable before-and-after tutorial files, so you can jump in at any point and compare your work with the pros. This new edition has been fully updated to align with AutoCAD's newest features and capabilities, and features a more approachable, easy-to-read style based on instructor and reader feedback to help you get up to speed and quickly become productive with the software. AutoCAD is the leading design and drawing software, and an essential skill for designers, architects, and engineers. Whether you're new to the software, upgrading, or preparing for certification, this no-nonsense guide is your ideal resource for complete AutoCAD instruction. * Master 2D drawing using splines, polylines, layers, and objects * Add detail with hatching, gradients, text, and dimensions * Convert your design into a 3D model for a walk-through tour * Import, print, edit, and present your final design By following a real-world professional workflow throughout the learning process, you develop a highly relevant set of skills that easily transfer into real-world projects. This book walks you through the design of a house, emphasizing skills rather than tools to equip you with an array of solutions for any AutoCAD task. If you're serious about AutoCAD and ready to get down to work, AutoCAD 2017 and AutoCAD LT 2017 Essentials is the guide you need at your fingertips.

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AutoCAD® 2017 AND AutoCAD LT ® 2017

            ESSENTIALS            

Scott Onstott

Senior Acquisitions Editor: Stephanie McComb Development Editor: Kathryn Duggan Production Editor: Dassi Zeidel Copy Editor: Kim Wimpsett Editorial Manager: Mary Beth Wakefield Production Manager: Kathleen Wisor Executive Editor: Jim Minatel Book Designer: Happenstance Type-O-Rama Proofreader: Kathy Pope, Word One Indexer: Ted Laux Project Coordinator, Cover: Brent Savage Cover Designer: Wiley Cover Image: © zhu difeng/Shutterstock

Copyright © 2016 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana Published simultaneously in Canada ISBN: 978-1-119-24333-5 ISBN: 978-1-119-24335-9 (ebk.) ISBN: 978-1-119-24334-2 (ebk.) Manufactured in the United States of America

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, (978) 750-8400, fax (978) 646-8600. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030, (201) 748-6011, fax (201) 748-6008, or online at http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions.

Limit of Liability/Disclaimer of Warranty: The publisher and the author make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this work and specifically disclaim all warranties, including without limitation warranties of fitness for a particular purpose. No warranty may be created or extended by sales or promotional materials. The advice and strategies contained herein may not be suitable for every situation. This work is sold with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting, or other professional services. If professional assistance is required, the services of a competent professional person should be sought. Neither the publisher nor the author shall be liable for damages arising herefrom. The fact that an organization or Web site is referred to in this work as a citation and/or a potential source of further information does not mean that the author or the publisher endorses the information the organization or Web site may provide or recommendations it may make. Further, readers should be aware that Internet Web sites listed in this work may have changed or disappeared between when this work was written and when it is read.

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Wiley publishes in a variety of print and electronic formats and by print-on-demand. Some material included with standard print versions of this book may not be included in e-books or in print-on-demand. If this book refers to media such as a CD or DVD that is not included in the version you purchased, you may download this material at http://booksupport.wiley.com. For more information about Wiley products, visit www.wiley.com.

Library of Congress Control Number: 2016934918

TRADEMARKS: Wiley, the Wiley logo, and the Sybex logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and/or its affiliates, in the United States and other countries, and may not be used without written permission. AutoCAD and AutoCAD LT are registered trademarks of Autodesk, Inc. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book.

Acknowledgments

Many people have been instrumental in making this book you are holding in your hands or reading onscreen a reality. I would like to express my sincere gratitude to the professional team at Sybex (an imprint of Wiley) for all their hard work. It has been a pleasure working with my acquisitions editor, Stephanie McComb; developmental editor, Kathryn Duggan; and members of the editorial staff.

About the Author

Scott Onstott has published 12 books with Sybex prior to this one: AutoCAD® 2016 and AutoCAD LT ® 2016 Essentials, AutoCAD® 2015 and AutoCAD LT ® 2015 Essentials, AutoCAD® 2014 and AutoCAD LT ® 2014 Essentials, AutoCAD® 2013 and AutoCAD LT ® 2013 Essentials, AutoCAD® 2012 and AutoCAD LT ® 2012 Essentials, Adobe® Photoshop® CS6 Essentials, Enhancing Architectural Drawings and Models with Photoshop, AutoCAD®: Professional Tips and Techniques (with Lynn Allen), Enhancing CAD Drawings with Photoshop, Mastering Autodesk ® VIZ 2007 (with George Omura and Jon McFarland), Mastering Autodesk ® Architectural Desktop 2006, and Autodesk ® VIZ 2005 (with George Omura). Scott has worked on 20 other Sybex books as contributing author, reviser, compilation editor, or technical editor.

He also wrote, narrated, and produced the Secrets in Plain Sight film series (volumes 1 and 2) and seven related books including Tripartite, Anthology: Secrets in Plain Sight, Geometra: Coloring Book, Secrets in Plain Sight: Leonardo da Vinci, The Divine Proportion, Quantification: Illustrations from the Creator of Secrets in Plain Sight, and Taking Measure: Explorations in Number, Architecture, and Consciousness.

Scott has a bachelor’s degree in architecture from the University of California – Berkeley and is a former university instructor who now serves as a consultant and independent video producer. You can contact the author through his website at www.scottonstott.com or www.secretsinplainsight.com.

CONTENTS

Acknowledgments

About the Author

Introduction

Who Should Read This Book

AutoCAD 2017 or AutoCAD LT 2017 System Requirements

What Is Covered in This Book

The Essentials Series

Chapter 1 Getting Started

Sign In to Autodesk 360 on the Start Tab

Explore the AutoCAD 2017 for Windows User Interface

Set Drawing Units

Chapter 2 Gaining Basic Drawing Skills

Navigate 2D Drawings

Draw Lines and Rectangles

Cancel, Erase, and Undo

Use Coordinate Systems

Draw Circles, Arcs, and Polygons

Use Fillet and Chamfer

Chapter 3 Using Drawing Aids

Use Grid and Snap

Employ Ortho and Polar Tracking

Use PolarSnap

Select Running Object Snaps

Harness the From Snap

Apply Object Snap Tracking

Chapter 4 Editing Entities

Create Selection Sets

Use Move and Copy

Use Rotate and Scale

Work with Arrays

Use Trim and Extend

Use Lengthen and Stretch

Use Offset and Mirror

Edit with Grips

Chapter 5 Shaping Curves

Draw and Edit Curved Polylines

Draw Ellipses

Shape Splines

Blend Between Objects with Splines

Chapter 6 Controlling Object Visibility and Appearance

Change Object Properties

Set the Current Layer

Alter the Layer Assignments of Objects

Control Layer Visibility

Apply Linetype

Assign Properties by Object or by Layer

Manage Layer Properties

Isolate Objects

Chapter 7 Organizing Objects

Define Blocks

Insert Blocks

Edit Blocks

Redefine Blocks

Work with Groups

Chapter 8 Hatching and Gradients

Specify Hatch Areas

Associate Hatches with Boundaries

Hatch with Patterns

Hatch with Gradients

Chapter 9 Working with Blocks and Xrefs

Work with Global Blocks

Access Content Globally

Store Content on Tool Palettes

Reference External Drawings and Images

Chapter 10 Creating and Editing Text

Style Text

Write Lines of Text

Write and Format Paragraphs Using

MTEXT

Edit Text

Chapter 11 Dimensioning

Style Dimensions

Add Dimensions

Edit Dimensions

Chapter 12 Keeping In Control with Constraints

Work with Geometric Constraints

Apply Dimensional Constraints

Constrain Objects Simultaneously with Geometry and Dimensions

Make Parametric Changes to Constrained Objects

Chapter 13 Working with Layouts and Annotative Objects

Create Annotative Styles and Objects

Create Layouts

Adjust Floating Viewports

Override Layer Properties in Layout Viewports

Draw on Layouts

Chapter 14 Printing and Plotting

Configure Output Devices

Create Plot Style Tables

Use Plot Style Tables

Plot in Model Space

Plot Layouts in Paper Space

Export to an Electronic Format

Chapter 15 Working with Data

Geolocate Projects

Import SketchUp Models

Define Attributes and Blocks

Insert Attributed Blocks

Edit Table Styles and Create Tables

Use Fields in Table Cells

Edit Table Data

Chapter 16 Navigating 3D Models

Use Visual Styles

Work with Tiled Viewports

Navigate with the ViewCube

Orbit in 3D

Use Cameras

Navigate with SteeringWheels

Save Views

Chapter 17 Modeling in 3D

Create Surface Models

Edit Surface Models

Create Solid Models

Edit Solid Models

Smooth Mesh Models

Live-Section Models

Chapter 18 Presenting and Documenting 3D Design

Assign Materials

Place and Adjust Lights

Create Renderings

Document Models with Drawings

Appendix A Making Isometric Drawings

Appendix B Autodesk

®

AutoCAD 2017 Certification

Index

EULA

List of Tables

Chapter 18

Table 18.1

Table 18.2

Appendix B

Table B.1

Table B.2

Guide

Cover

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INTRODUCTION

The staying power of the AutoCAD® program is legendary in the ever-changing software industry, having been around for 35 years by the 2017 release. You can rest assured that spending your time learning AutoCAD will be a wise investment, and the skills you obtain in this book will be useful for years to come.

I welcome you in beginning the process of learning AutoCAD. It will give you great satisfaction to learn such a complex program and use it to design and document whatever you dream up. You’ll find step-by-step tutorials that reveal a wide variety of techniques built on many years of real-world experience.

The first 14 chapters apply to both AutoCAD® 2017 and AutoCAD LT® 2017. AutoCAD LT is Autodesk’s lower-cost version of AutoCAD, and it has reduced capabilities. Chapters 15 through 18 are for full AutoCAD users only, because they cover advanced tools not available in AutoCAD LT, including attributes, 3D navigation, 3D modeling, and rendering.

Who Should Read This Book

This book is for students, hobbyists, professional architects, industrial designers, engineers, builders, landscape architects, or anyone who communicates through technical drawings as part of their work.

If you’re interested in certification for AutoCAD 2017, this book can be a great resource to help you prepare. See www.autodesk.com/certification for more certification information and resources. This book also features an appendix that can help you focus your studies on the skills you will need for the certification exams.

What You Will Learn

You’ll gain a solid understanding of the features of AutoCAD in this book. Each chapter features multiple exercises that take you step by step through the many complex procedures of AutoCAD. The goal of performing these steps on your own is to develop skills that you can apply to many different real-world situations.

Although each project presents different obstacles and opportunities, I urge you to focus on the concepts and techniques presented rather than memorizing the specific steps used to achieve the desired result. The actual steps performed may vary in each geometric situation.

The best way to build skills is to perform the steps on your computer exactly as they are presented in the book during your first reading. After you achieve the desired result, start over and experiment using the same techniques on your own project (whether invented or real). After you have practiced, think about how you have achieved the desired result, and you will get the most out of this book.

Reader Requirements

You don’t need any previous experience with AutoCAD to use this book. However, you’ll need familiarity with either the Windows or Mac operating system and the basic skills necessary to use a graphical user interface successfully and to operate a computer confidently.

AutoCAD 2017 or AutoCAD LT 2017 System Requirements

The book was written for both AutoCAD 2017 and AutoCAD LT 2017. The following are system requirements for running either version on the different operating systems in which they are offered. See http://knowledge.autodesk.com/support/system-requirements for the most up-to-date requirements.

General Windows System Requirements

32-bit and 64-bit versions of the following Windows 7 and Service Pack 1 (SP1) software releases:

Microsoft Windows 7 Enterprise

Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium

Microsoft Windows 7 Professional

Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate

32-bit and 64-bit versions of the following Windows 8/8.1 software releases:

Microsoft Windows 8/8.1

Microsoft Windows 8/8.1 Pro

Microsoft Windows 8/8.1 Enterprise

32-bit and 64-bit versions of the following Windows 10 editions:

Windows 10 Enterprise edition

Windows 10 Professional edition

64-Bit AutoCAD 2017 for MacApple Mac OS X v10.11 or later (El Capitan); OS X v10.10 or later (Yosemite); OS X v10.9 or later (Mavericks)

Apple Mac Pro 4.1 or later (Mac Pro 6.1 or later recommended); MacBook Pro 5.1 or later (MacBook Pro 10,1 with Retina Display or later recommended); iMac 8.1 or later (iMac 11.1 or later recommended); Mac Mini 3.1 or later (Mac Mini 4.1 or later recommended); MacBook Air 2.1 or later; MacBook 5.1 or later (MacBook 7.1 or later recommended)

64-bit Intel CPU (Intel Core Duo CPU, 2 GHz or faster, recommended)

3 GB of RAM (4 GB or above recommended)

3 GB free disk space for download and installation (4 GB or above recommended)

All graphics cards on supported hardware

1280 × 800 display with true color (2880 × 1800 with Retina Display recommended)

Apple Safari 5.0 or later

All Mac OS X supported language operating systems

Apple Mouse, Apple Magic Mouse, Magic Trackpad, MacBook Pro trackpad, or Microsoft-compliant mouse

Download and installation from DVD

Mac OS X–compliant printer

FREE AUTODESK SOFTWARE FOR STUDENTS AND EDUCATORS

The Autodesk Education Community is an online resource with more than five million members that enables educators and students to download—for free (see website for terms and conditions)—the same software used by professionals worldwide. You can also access additional tools and materials to help you design, visualize, and simulate ideas. Connect with other learners to stay current with the latest industry trends and get the most out of your designs. Get started today at www.autodesk.com/joinedu.

What Is Covered in This Book

AutoCAD 2017 and AutoCAD LT 2017 Essentials is organized to provide you with the knowledge needed to master the basics of computer-aided design. The book’s web page is located at www.sybex.com/go/autocad2017essentials, where you can download the sample files used in each chapter.

Chapter 1: Getting Started You’ll take a tour of the user interface and learn to identify each of its parts by name. Chapter 1 is essential reading because you’ll need to know the difference between workspaces, ribbon tabs, toolbars, panels, palettes, status toggles, and so on to understand the terminology used by your colleagues and in the rest of this book. In addition, you’ll learn how to match your industry’s standard units to the drawings you’ll be creating.

Chapter 2: Gaining Basic Drawing Skills Learn how to navigate a 2D drawing with Zoom and Pan so that you can zero in on areas of interest. You’ll learn how to draw lines, rectangles, circles, arcs, and polygons; how to cancel, erase, and undo; and how to fillet and chamfer lines. In addition, you’ll use two coordinate systems to specify the exact sizes of objects you are drawing.

Chapter 3: Using Drawing Aids Drawing aids are something you’ll want to learn how to use to create measured drawings with ease. The drawing aids covered with step-by-step exercises in this chapter include grid and snap, ortho and polar tracking, PolarSnap, running object snaps, the From snap, and object snap tracking.

Chapter 4: Editing Entities This chapter teaches what you’ll probably be doing most of the time in AutoCAD: editing the basic entities that you’ve drawn to make them conform with your design intent. Editing commands covered include Move, Copy, Rotate, Scale, Array, Trim, Extend, Lengthen, Stretch, Offset, and Mirror. In addition to these commands, you’ll learn an alternative method for editing entities called grip editing.

Chapter 5: Shaping Curves The landscape exercise in this chapter teaches you how to create complex curves with NURBS-based splines, curved polylines, and ellipses. By the end, you’ll be able to shape curves to create almost any curvilinear form imaginable.

Chapter 6: Controlling Object Visibility and Appearance You’ll learn how to hide and reveal objects with properties and layers. Layers are essential to managing the complexity of design, and you’ll use many different layer tools in this chapter’s step-by-step exercises.

Chapter 7: Organizing Objects By combining entities such as lines, polylines, circles, arcs, and text into blocks and/or groups, you can more efficiently manipulate complex objects such as chairs, mechanical assemblies, trees, or any other organizational designation appropriate to your industry. You’ll learn how to create and work with blocks and groups in this chapter.

Chapter 8: Hatching and Gradients In this chapter, you’ll flood bounded areas with solid fill, hatch patterns, and/or gradients to indicate transitions between materials and to improve the readability of drawings in general.

Chapter 9: Working with Blocks and Xrefs You’ll learn how to access content from other files in the current drawing in this chapter. You’ll also understand the important distinction between inserting and externally referencing content. In addition, you’ll store saved content on tool palettes for simplified reuse.

Chapter 10: Creating and Editing Text The written word is undeniably a part of every drawing. This chapter teaches you how to create both single- and multiline text, how to edit any text, and how to control its appearance through text styles and object properties.

Chapter 11: Dimensioning You’ll learn how to annotate drawings with specific measurements known as dimensions in this chapter. In addition to learning how to control measurements’ appearance with dimension styles, you’ll create linear, aligned, angular, and radius dimension objects.

Chapter 12: Keeping In Control with Constraints This chapter teaches you how to add geometric and dimensional constraints to objects so that their ultimate form is controlled by mathematical formulas. The formulas in the examples are as simple as adding two dimensions or calculating the diameter of a circle from its radius.

Chapter 13: Working with Layouts and Annotative Objects AutoCAD has two environments, which you’ll learn about in this chapter on layouts: model space and paper space. You’ll create floating viewports to display the contents of model space in the paper space of a layout. In addition, you’ll create annotative styles and objects that always display the proper height no matter which viewport or annotation scale is selected.

Chapter 14: Printing and Plotting From plotter drivers to plot style tables and page setups, you’ll learn the intricacies of creating printed output to scale in AutoCAD. You’ll plot in both model space and paper space, and you will even create electronic output that can be shared on the Internet.

Chapter 15: Working with Data Attributes, fields, and tables are the subjects of this chapter on managing data. You’ll learn how to embed nongraphical data in blocks, how to link to that data dynamically in text fields, and finally how to display and format this same data in an organized fashion in spreadsheet-like tables.

Chapter 16: Navigating 3D Models In this chapter, you’ll learn how to change your point of view while working on 3D models using the ViewCube®, the Orbit tool, and SteeringWheels® technology. In addition, you’ll compose and save perspective views with cameras to help you visualize 3D models with added realism.

Chapter 17: Modeling in 3D