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Teach Yourself Chess
Published by Dmitri Dobrovolski, 2017.
While every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this book, the publisher assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions, or for damages resulting from the use of the information contained herein.
TEACH YOURSELF CHESS
First edition. August 7, 2017.
Copyright © 2017 Dmitri Dobrovolski.
Written by Dmitri Dobrovolski.
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Chapter 1. The chessboard, the chess lines, the centre of the chessboard
Chapter 2. Chess position, starting position, the flanks, the demarcation line
Chapter 3. Chess moves: the rook (capture), the exchange, the bishop (uneven exchange). Threat types, defense methods from the threats
Chapter 4. The Queen, the calculation of blows, the initiative in chess
Chapter 5. The King, check, checkmate, castling
Chapter 6. The pawn, pawn promotion, capture en passant
Chapter 7. The knight, the irrationality in chess, tempo, "Smothered" mate
Chapter 8. The Chess clock. The basic rules of the game, the conduct of the players during the game
Chapter 9. The drawn game
Chapter 10. Three stages of chess game
Chapter 11. Mate to a lone king with major pieces
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Chess is a game for two people, alternately moving the pieces on a chessboard. So, the light pieces and the same colored squares on the board are called white, while the dark one is called black.
The aim of the game is to checkmate the opponent's king. The player who checkmates his/her opponent is considered to be the winner in this game. In addition, the game can end in a draw. The first move in a chess game is made by the player who plays the white pieces.
There are a lot of new terms and concepts for you, dear reader, aren’t there? Don’t worry. Soon you will know everything you need to play the game! I suggest we start our exciting journey through the basics of chess!
So, what is a chessboard? The chessboard is a squared playing field, which consists of 64 white and black quadrates. These quadrates in chess are called chess squares. In order to set up a chessboard before the game, you must remember this rule: a white square should be located on the right side of the player (Diagram 1).
From the chess, squares are formed chess lines.
The lines passing from the left to the right are called ranks (Diagram 2).
The ranks on the chessboard are denoted by numbers. There are eight ranks on the chessboard.
Set up white pawns on the first rank. (Diagram 3).
Set up the third, the fifth and the seventh ranks by turn.
The lines passing through the chessboard from the bottom up are called files (Diagram 4).
The files are indicated by letters on the board: a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h. It must be read as: [a], [bə] [tse] [də], [jə], [əf] [ʒə], [Λsh]. There are eight files on the chessboard.
Put the white pawns on the file
Set up files
с, е, g
Knowing the symbols ranks and files, we can define the location of any square on the chess board. For example, we define the square е5 on the crossroads of the е-file and the fifth rank (Diagram 6).
Place the white pawns on the following squares:
b3, с5, d7, f8, g6, h4.
Define the colour of the following squares:
b3, с5, d7, f8, g6, h4.
Lines which across the chessboard and consist of the same color squares are called diagonals (Diagram 7). There are white and black diagonals on the chess board.
The diagonals on the board are designated by two extreme squares, thus they are called and written always from the left to the right. For example the diagonal а1-h8 (also called a large black diagonal) and diagonal а8-h1 (called the great white diagonal). These diagonals consist of 8 squares, but there are also very small diagonals, which consist of two squares, for example, а7-b8. There are twenty-six diagonals on the chessboard.
Make the diagonal
, using white pawns (Diagram 8).
2. Construct the diagonal of five white squares called а4-е8, using the same pawns.
3. Make any diagonal of five black squares.
Each chess player has to know where the centre of the chessboard is. The centre of the chessboard has a square shape. There are small centres of the chessboard, which consists of four squares d4, d5, е4, е5 (Diagram 9) and an enlarged centre of the chessboard, which consists of sixteen squares.
The corner squares of the enlarged centre of the chessboard are squares с3, с6, f3, f6 (Diagram 10).
1. Build a small centre of the chessboard using white pawns.
2. Construct an enlarged centre of the chessboard using white and black pawns.
Any arrangement of pieces and pawns on the chessboard is called the chess position (Diagram 11).
Arrange the position shown in the diagram.
The location of chess pieces and pawns before the game is called a starting position (Diagram 12).
1. Arrange the starting position shown in the diagram.
To arrange the correct starting position, first, you should put rooks on the corner squares, then put knights nearby, then place bishops and pawns (on the second rank for the white pieces and the seventh rank for blacks). In order to set up the queen properly, we must remember that the colour of the queen and the square which it stands on is always the same: the queen “loves” its colour. There is only one empty square. You should put the King here.
The half of the chessboard taken by the kings in their starting positions is called the kingside (Diagram 13).
1. Designate the kingside as it is shown in the diagram.
The half of the board, which is occupied by Queens, is called the queenside (Diagram 14).
1. Designate the queenside as it is shown in the diagram.
There is an invisible line between the fourth and the fifth ranks that bisect the board. This line is known as the demarcation line (Diagram 15).
1. Place the pawns as they shown in the diagram (Diagram 16). The demarcation line runs between the white and black pawns.
In exploring the chess pieces we will start with the rook. It looks like this: