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Copyright Enrico Massetti 2016
Published by Enrico Massetti
All Rights Reserved
Südtirol is located in Northern Italy between Austria, Switzerland and Italy. The province center of Bolzano (Bozen) is at the center of the province. Three languages are spoken in the province: German, Italian and Ladin (in some valley).
Bolzano - Bozen
“For me, Bolzano – Bozen is a mountain transformed into a city. The moment you move, it changes appearance. You edge forward and the profile is different, you go back and discover new faces. It speaks different languages. At its heart, it is an actor, enchanting and contradictory, haughty an alluring, warm hearted and chilly.”R. Messner
At the Crossroads of Culture
Bolzano – Bozen, the only city in the world with both a competition in honor of F. Busoni and a house where Mozart slept. An elegant salon where different people meet, an exchange of cultures, music, and performances.
The central Piazza Walther named for the troubadour Walther von der Vogelweide, one street named for Dante and another for Goethe; a conservatory carrying the name of Monteverdi an Orchestra of Haydn. A trilingual University, and an Academy of Design and a Film School both bilingual. This is what makes Bolzano – Bozen a little big capital of European atmosphere!
Bolzano – Bozen lies 265 m above sea level along one of the most important routes running from the Mediterranean to the North Sea, connecting North and South. It is surrounded on all sides by mountains. Above the city, in the Dolomites, lies the “Rosengarten“- the legendary realm of Laurin, the dwarf king. His enchanted garden glows an unearthly red at twilight.
Mediterranean climate with alpine splendorWith a yearly average high of 16.6°C (62°F) a yearly average low of 6°C (43°F), and no fog, Bolzano – Bozen has a very mild climate.
In fact, a part of Bolzano – Bozen, the formerly independent town of Gries was a health resort in the last century, beloved by all because of its climate.
Bolzano – Bozen is the portal to a world without borders, from the green of parks and grapevines to the living rock of the Dolomites. Pink mountains fringed with snow form a backdrop while below lie palms, olive trees, cedars, and magnolias on the slopes of the hills. An elegant frame for the meeting between the fresh northern wind and the radiant Mediterranean sun, a benediction for vines sagging with the weight of bountiful bunches, filled with the flavors of days gone by.
There are over 300 hectares (740acres) of grapevines within the city limits, a full one seventh of the total area. In the fall, the aroma of freshly crushed grapes wafts through the city from its 27 wineries.
The recorded history of Bolzano – Bozen began with the arrival of Roman garrisons in the 1st century BC, although the area had been inhabited at least 2.500 years earlier.
Today’s town center began 900 years ago and is characterized by Gothic architecture. It was constructed by the bishops of Trento at a key junction between North and South and included an arcaded avenue to display goods, with German-speaking tradesmen on one side and their “Italic” counterparts on the other.
Although it was often touched by war, Bolzano – Bozen has preferred peace, favoring first the exchange of merchandise, later languages and customs. .
The wealth that rolled out of the arcades helped the church to erect such artistic monuments as Giottoesque frescoes, a cathedral bell tower designed by a Swabian architect, and the carved wooden altar by Michael Pacher. With the 20th century came Jungenstil and Neo-Gothic styles.
The Iceman on display at the South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology in Bolzano - Bozen is one of the world’s best-known and most important mummies.
On a sunny day two hikers were walking in the Ötztal Alps. Descending from the Finail peak in the Tisenjoch area, they decided to take a shortcut and left the marked footpath. As they walked past a rocky gully filled with meltwater, they noticed something brown on the gully bed. At first they thought it must be some sort of rubbish, but on closer inspection they realized with horror that they had discovered a human corpse.
Six days after the mummy was discovered, an archaeologist inspected the corpse and the finds and, based on the typology of the axe, immediately dated the whole find to be “at least four thousand years old”.
Until this discovery, such a well preserved find of a human several thousand years old – fully clothed and with numerous personal belongings – had never before been seen anywhere in the world.
The Iceman is one of the oldest mummies in the world. However, it is not only his historical age that makes him particularly valuable for scientists but also the way in which he was mummified. Ötzi is a so-called “wet mummy”, i.e. one in which humidity is retained in individual cells. The body tissue is elastic and suitable for performing detailed scientific investigations. Moreover, he is a natural mummy, unaltered by burial rites or other interventions. The Iceman with his complete clothing and equipment provides a snapshot of Stone Age life in Europe.
South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology
Via Museo/Museumstraße 43, I-39100 Bolzano/Bozen
Information & reservationtel: +39 0471 320 100 (Monday-Friday: 9 am - 12 pm and 2.30 pm - 4.30 pm)email:email@example.com
Bolzano is the ideal starting point for walks and hikes in the environment of the city.
Along the hills above the city winds a crown of pathways bordered by typically Mediterranean vegetation. The “Guntschna- an the Oswaldpromenade” are two pearls: terraces above the city lined with palm trees, magnolias, cedars, agaves and laurel.
Other walking paths bring you to the different castles of the town.
• Passeggiate del Lungotalvera Wassermauerpromenade
• La Passeggiata del Guncina Guntschnapromenade
• La Passeggiata di Sant'OsvaldoOswaldpromenade
• Passeggiata del Virgolo Virglpromenade
Passeggiate del Lungotalvera Wassermauerpromenade
The promenade along the river Talvera and Isarco is like a green oasis in the middle of the town. Here you can spend some relaxing time or you can choose to do or watch some sports: football, volleyball, baseball…
La Passeggiata del Guncina Guntschnapromenade
The Guntschnapromenade goes up in serpentines starting from Gries. It is dedicated to the Duke Heinrich from Habsburg and was one of the famous parts of the health resort since the middle of the 19th Century. Today it is a nice walking path with a beautiful view on the town with the “Rosengarten” in the background.
La Passeggiata di Sant’Osvaldo Oswaldpromenade
The Oswaldpromenade goes from St. Anton to St. Magdalena bordering the numerous vineyards on the hills of the town. The traditional red vine “St. Magdalena” is produced here.
Passeggiata del Virgolo Virglpromenade
The walking path at the feet of the Colle mountain begins near the castle “Haselburg” in the south of Bolzano. It connects the castle with the “Virgl”, one of the first parts of the town to be inhabited in prehistoric times. Two interesting churches can be found there: the Romanic Church of St. Vigil an the Baroque Kalvarien-Church.
Three routes to high pastures
Bolzano is located in a broad valley basin and the cool heights are nowhere far away. In just a few minutes any of the three cable cars take you up to the mountain woodlands and meadows on the Colle, San Genesio and Renon mountains.
Above 1000 meters altitude you can enjoy magnificent views of the surrounding Dolomites, enjoy walks across lush pastureland and fill your lungs with crisp mountain air.
• San Genesio
• Renon - Ritten
Note: the cable cars are usually closed for one week for planned maintenance during the month of November.
Colle - Kohlern
Kohlern cable car
A trip to Colle – Kohlern mountain by cable car is a step into history, for this is the oldest cable way of the world. The original gondola can be viewed at the upper terminal and is well worth a visit.
San Genesio from Albergo Saltner Edelweiss
The view of the Rosengarten Dolomite massif from Tschagglberg high plateau is without doubt the finest of all. Sunsets enjoyed from the Salto mountain are an unforgettable experience, when the Dolomite peaks glow as they reflect the setting sun.
Renon - Ritten
Renon - Ritten
Bolzano’s home mountain beckon with plenty of sun and pretty walks with the unique Sciliar and Alpe di Siusi meadowlands as a backdrop. There is also a ski area perfect for families.