Stories of the Past Times - IDP Research Division - ebook
Opis

This book makes mention about some other stories and incidents from the Qur'an and Ahadeeth that have taken place in previous times, apart from the lives of the Prophets. These have all occurred before the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad (S). Wherever necessary, the views and opinions of other notable scholars of Islam has also been recorded. This eBook is compiled utilizing some of the highest quality and best standards of formatting in order to preserve and distinguish the layout of the eBook. It is an excellent work which caters for a large audience of the English speaking world and can be read by virtually all age groups. Guaranteed to be enjoyed by all those who read it. Contents of the Book: The Story of the Companions of the Cave The Story of Dhul Qarnayn The Story of a Believer and a Disbeliever The Story of the Owners of the Garden The Story of the Sabbath Breakers The Story of Luqman The Story of the Companions of the Pit The Story of Three Infants who Spoke in the Cradle The Story of Barsisa The Story of Three Men who were Locked in a Cave The Story of the Blind, the Leper and the Bald

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Stories of the Past Times

BY: IDP Research Division

PUBLISHER: Islamic Digital Publishing

[email protected]

Copyright © - 2018 All rights reserved.

No part of this e-book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without prior consent from the Publisher.

Table of Contents

About this Book

The Story of the Companions of the Cave

The Story of Dhul Qarnayn

The Story of a Believer and a Disbeliever

The Story of the Owners of the Garden

The Story of the Sabbath Breakers

The Story of Luqman

The Story of the Companions of the Pit

The Story of Three Infants who Spoke in the Cradle

The Story of Barsisa

The Story of Three Men who were Locked in a Cave

The Story of the Blind, the Leper and the Bald

About this Book

This book makes mention about some other stories and incidents from the Qur'an and Ahadeeth that have taken place in previous times, apart from the lives of the Prophets. These have all occurred before the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad (S). Wherever necessary, the views and opinions of other notable scholars of Islam has also been recorded.

This eBook is compiled utilizing some of the highest quality and best standards of formatting in order to distinguish Qur'anic quotes, Ahadeeth references and scholarly quotes from the main body of the work. It is an excellent work which caters for a large audience of the English speaking world and can be read by virtually all age groups. Guaranteed to be enjoyed by all those who read it.

The Story of the Companions of the Cave

The reason behind the revelation of this story was stated by Muhammad ibn Ishaq in his biography of the Prophet Muhammad (S). It is mentioned that the Quraysh asked the Jews about something whereby they test the knowledge of Allah's Messenger (S). So the Jews mentioned to them to ask him about a people lost in time of whom no one knew what they did, and about a man who went around the globe and about the spirit.

So Allah revealed the Chapter called The Cave (Suratul-Kahf 18:9-26). This story is made mention of here and also the story of Dhul Qarnayn, which we will also make mention of after this. We will extract these Verses in a fitting manner for this story.

Allah says in two places of this story:

"Do you think that the companions of the cave and the inscription were a wonder among Our Signs?"

"We narrate to you their tidings in truth. Surely they were youths who believed in their Lord, and We increased them in guidance. And We strengthened their hearts when they stood up and said: 'Our Lord is theLord of the heavens and the earth, we will never call upon any god besidesHim, for then we would certainly have had an enormity. These our peoplehave taken (to them) gods besides Him. Why do they not bring a clearauthority concerning them? But who does greater evil than he who forges a lie against Allah? And, when you have withdrawn from them and that which they worship, excepting Allah, take refuge in the cave; your Lord will spread for you His mercy and will provide for you an ease in your affair.'"

Their time as the Jewish chronicles suggest, was earlier than what the exegetes date, and the fact that the Jews knew about them nullifies the claim of some interpreters that they were after Jesus, and that they were Christians.

It is clear from the above that their people were idolaters. Many exegetes and historians assert that they lived in the times of the king named Decianus (Daqyanus). They were children of the elite or of the kings and they gathered on the day of their people’s festival only to observe them prostrating before idols and revering false gods. They observed with insight and Allah removed from their hearts the veil of negligence and led them to guidance. They realised that their people were not on the right path, so they abandoned their religion and attached themselves to the worship of Allah Alone. Each of them then kept aloof from the people and agreed to converge at a single place. They concurred that their people had strayed and they were fed up with them. They agreed to leave them and flee from them with their religion. Indeed, this is legal during times of trials, tribulations, corruption, and the spread of evil.

The cave which is made mention of is a hole in a mountain. Shu'aib Al-Jiba'i said that the name of the mountain was Hayzam. As for the differences of the scholars on the location of this cave, many say that it was in Aylah, but some name Nineweh (Naynwa), Balqa or in the land of Romans. As for the inscription, Ibn 'Abbaas (R) said that he could not say what it was, but it is said that it was an inscription containing their names and what happened with them. It was written after them. This is what Ibn Jareer and others said. It is also said that it was that name of the mountain in which their cave existed. Ibn 'Abbaas (R) and Shu'aib Al-Jiba'i said that it was the name of the pass near their cave. The name of the village there is unknown.

Allah says in another two places:

"When the youths took refuge in the cave, they said: 'Our Lord! Grant us mercy from Your Presence, and provide for us rectitude in our affair.' So We sealed up their hearing in the cave for a number of years."

"And you might have seen the sun, when it rose, incline from their cave towards the right, and when it set, pass them by on the left, while they were in a spacious part thereof. That is the signs of Allah. He whom Allah guides, he is rightly guided, but he whom He sends astray, you will never find for him a protector to guide."

Allah describes here the cave to which they had withdrawn. Its door was oriented towards north and its pillars were on its south side. Hence, this was the most ideal of retreats. In Summer, as the sun rose in the east, it came into the cave from its western side and gradually began its journey outside. It kept to the right as it rose in the heaven and declined away from the door. Then as it travelled to set, it shone on its entrance from the east little by little till the time of setting. This is as witnessed in a similar place. The wisdom in such timely entry of the sun to them is that the atmosphere might not be polluted.

Allah then says, adding on to the second passage above:

"And you would have thought them awake, while they were asleep, and We turned them about to the right and the left, and their dog stretching out its paws on the threshold. If you had looked at them, you would have certainly turned back from them in flight, and would have been filled with awe of them."

It is said that they changed from one side to another once every year, or more than once perhaps. Some people said that their eyes were open so that they might not go wrong because of a lengthy sleep.

Shu'aib Al-Jiba'i said that the name of their dog was Himran. It did not enter the cave with them, but lay outside the door, placing its paws on the threshold. This is about his manners and his respect for them, for, the angels do not enter a house which has a dog. The dog survived as long as they survived, for, if anyone loves a people, he becomes as fortunate as they are. Now, if this is the right of the dog, you can imagine about those men who follow the pious and revered. Many story-tellers and exegetes have spoken at length on this dog, but all that is Judaica and lies, like its name and colour. There is nothing to gain by venturing into it.

Allah also says that if you had glanced at them, surely you would have taken to your heels, terrified on their account. This means that anyone who went to them would be impressed beyond measure with their awe and majesty. Perhaps, all mankind are addressed here, not only the Prophet (S) in particular.

Then Allah says in two places:

"Afterwards We raised them up that We might determine which of the two parties would best calculate the time they tarried."

"And thus did We raise them up that they might question among themselves. A speaker from them said: 'How long have you tarried?' They said: 'We have tarried a day, or a part of a day.' (Some others) said: 'YourLord Knows best how long you have tarried. Now send one of you with thissilver coin of yours to the city, and let him look for what food is purestthere, and bring you provision thereof, and let him behave courteously,and do not apprise anyone about you. For if they prevail against you,they will stone you, or turn you back to their creed, and thenyou will never ever prosper.'"

Allah says here that He made them arise from their sleep, and when they awoke, they asked each other how long they had slept. Some of said that it was a day or a part of it, while others asserted that only Allah knew how long they had slept. They then decided to send one of them to the city with the dirhams in their possession. It is said that they were called dafsus (however, Ibn Kathir names it as daqsus in his commentary). The mission was to look for good, pure food to eat. This reflects on their piety and fear of Allah. The man sent was required to be gentle and not reveal their identity, lest they stone him to death or compel him to revert to their faith, in which case he will not prosper.

Allah then says:

"And thus did We disclose to them that they might know that Allah's Promise is true, and that the (last) Hour thereof is no doubt. When they were wrangling among themselves, about their affair, they said: 'Buildover them a building, their Lord knows best about them.'