Pre-ordainment and Judgement - IDP Research Division - ebook
Opis

It is believed by many that Allah manages everything in His creation with fate and predestination and that he has preordained our deeds. If this applies to me, for instance, in the sense that all my actions have been preordained by Him, why then should I be accountable before Him? Why should Allah force me to do a certain deed and then hold me responsible? Further, are choices truly open before me? Have I had any choice in my birth, sex, height, build of body, colour, and country? Do I choose that the sun rise and the moon set? Is it by my choice that a blow of fate descends on me or that death surprises me? Conversely, if it is assumed that I am free and that I have a 'will' besides that of Allah, wouldn't that be considered a kind of polytheism since one is led to admit the 'multiplicity of wills'? Is it then possible for someone to do something that Allah has not decreed? Moreover, what can be said to counter the ideas of scientific determinism and historical materialism concerning the 'determinism' of environment and circumstances as well as the various forms of 'inevitabilities' that adherents of that philosophy advocate? There is, indeed, a lot of confusion and conjecture regarding the concept of 'predestination' and most people who have pondered over the problem have been carried away by fanciful ideas. Some, for example, think that men are completely determined in whatever they choose or do; others say that human actions have no concern with the Almighty. A third group takes the middle course, which is the correct opinion. Allah has indeed imbued the chosen and enlightened with understanding of the secret of predestination and has concealed it from the uneducated folk lest they go astray. It is for this reason that the Prophet Muhammad (S) insisted that discussion and argument about the matter be eschewed by the unenlightened in view of the grave nature of this question which is, so easily, misunderstood. How are we to understand the issue of fate and predestination in view of the multitudinous facets of the subject at hand? The following is an attempt to put the issue of 'fate' and 'predestination' in its correct perspective by dealing with these various facets one at a time. This eBook is compiled utilizing some of the highest quality and best standards of formatting in order to preserve and distinguish the layout of the eBook. It is an excellent work which caters for a large audience of the English speaking world and can be read by virtually all age groups. Guaranteed to be enjoyed by all those who read it. Contents of the Book: Introduction The Meaning of 'Taqdeer' Allah's Foreknowledge of Events Are Choices Truly Open before Me? Relative Freedom is Real Does Human Choice Transcend Divine Will? Is Taqdeer a Compelling of Man to that which is Contrary to His Nature? Compulsion is not part of Divine Law Does Allah Guide or Misguide anyone He so wishes to? Man is to Intend while Allah is to Enable Is Human Freedom a Fixed Sum? Is Man no more than a Product of his Environment? Is Allah's Knowledge not an Encumbering Interference? Freedom is Love The Pragmatism of Taqdeer Has Allah created people for Hell? Can Allah Take Away our Freedom? If Allah Knows, Why the Test? A Final Word

Ebooka przeczytasz w aplikacjach Legimi na:

Androidzie
iOS
czytnikach certyfikowanych
przez Legimi
Windows
10
Windows
Phone

Liczba stron: 44

Odsłuch ebooka (TTS) dostepny w abonamencie „ebooki+audiobooki bez limitu” w aplikacjach Legimi na:

Androidzie
iOS

Pre-ordainment and Judgement

BY: IDP Research Division

PUBLISHER: Islamic Digital Publishing

[email protected]

Copyright © - 2018 All rights reserved.

No part of this e-book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without prior consent from the Publisher.

Table of Contents

Introduction

The Meaning of 'Taqdeer'

Allah's Foreknowledge of Events

Are Choices Truly Open before Me?

Relative Freedom is Real

Does Human Choice Transcend Divine Will?

Is Taqdeer a Compelling of Man to that which is Contrary to His Nature?

Compulsion is not part of Divine Law

Does Allah Guide or Misguide anyone He so wishes to?

Man is to Intend while Allah is to Enable

Is Human Freedom a Fixed Sum?

Is Man no more than a Product of his Environment?

Is Allah's Knowledge not an Encumbering Interference?

Freedom is Love

The Pragmatism of Taqdeer

Has Allah created people for Hell?

Can Allah Take Away our Freedom?

If Allah Knows, Why the Test?

A Final Word

Introduction

It is believed by many that Allah manages everything in His creation with fate and predestination and that he has preordained our deeds. If this applies to me, for instance, in the sense that all my actions have been preordained by Him, why then should I be accountable before Him? Why should Allah force me to do a certain deed and then hold me responsible?

Further, are choices truly open before me? Have I had any choice in my birth, sex, height, build of body, colour, and country? Do I choose that the sun rise and the moon set? Is it by my choice that a blow of fate descends on me or that death surprises me?

Conversely, if it is assumed that I am free and that I have a 'will' besides that of Allah, wouldn't that be considered a kind of polytheism since one is led to admit the 'multiplicity of wills'? Is it then possible for someone to do something that Allah has not decreed?

Moreover, what can be said to counter the ideas of scientific determinism and historical materialism concerning the 'determinism' of environment and circumstances as well as the various forms of 'inevitabilities' that adherents of that philosophy advocate?

There is, indeed, a lot of confusion and conjecture regarding the concept of 'predestination' and most people who have pondered over the problem have been carried away by fanciful ideas.

Some, for example, think that men are completely determined in whatever they choose or do; others say that human actions have no concern with the Almighty. A third group takes the middle course, which is the correct opinion.

Allah has indeed imbued the chosen and enlightened with understanding of the secret of predestination and has concealed it from the uneducated folk lest they go astray. It is for this reason that the Prophet Muhammad (S) insisted that discussion and argument about the matter be eschewed by the unenlightened in view of the grave nature of this question which is, so easily, misunderstood.

How are we to understand the issue of fate and predestination in view of the multitudinous facets of the subject at hand? The following is an attempt to put the issue of 'fate' and 'predestination' in its correct perspective by dealing with these various facets one at a time.

It has been reported that once Imam Abu Hanifah asked Imam Ja'far bin Muhammad as-Sadiq (a noble descendant of the Prophet Muhammad (S)) (may Allah be pleased with them):

"O son of the Prophet (S)! Has Allah entrusted all matters to men?" He answered, "Allah is far from delegating His Lordship to people." Imam Abu Hanifah next asked, "Does Allah compel men to their actions?" He replied, "Allah is too just to constrain them to act and then punish them." "How is that?" Imam Abu Hanifah sought for an explanation. Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq replied, " The truth lies in between there is neither compulsion nor delegation. Man is neither constrained nor is he given complete power over things."

The Meaning of 'Taqdeer'

Because Allah is the All-Wise, He necessarily acts with wisdom. And because He is the All-Knowing, everything in His universe is done with knowledge. Nothing is chaotic, haphazard or happens without coherence.

Allah says:

"…Verily, all things Have We created in 'Qadr' (proportion and measure)..." (54, 49)

The word 'Taqdeer' or 'Qadr' is often times translated as 'predestination'. This is not at all accurate. 'Taqdeer' means 'measure'. Allah's creation is not haphazard. Everything proceeds by law, proportion, and measure. Everything has its appointed time, place, and occasion, as also its definite limitation. Nothing happens but according to His Law and its due process and every deed, word, and thought of man has its fullest consequences as determined by Allah universal law - physical, moral, social, economic, etc. (except, of course, in so far as the Grace and Mercy of Allah intervenes).