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AGESILAUS, king of Sparta, being asked what things he thought most proper for boys to learn , replied: "those things which they should practice when they become men." His reply was in perfect harmony with the good judgement of mankind, and cannot fail to be appreciated by all who have good common sense. If AGESILAUS lived at the present time, the question would most probably have included both boys and girls, and undoubtedly his reply would be so worded as to apply to men and women.
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Agesilaus, king of Sparta, being asked what things he thought most proper forboys to learn, replied: "Those things which they shouldpracticewhen they becomemen." His reply was in perfect harmony with the good judgment of mankind, and cannot fail to be appreciated by all who have good common sense. If Agesilaus lived at the present time, thequestion would most probably have included both boys and girls, and undoubtedly his reply would be so worded as to apply to men and women.
Mankind, especially of the United States, has two great duties. First, that of self-support and education. Second, that of governmental support and national enlightenment. While I have thus divided man's responsibility in two parts, it might not be improper to obliviate the dividing line and say that man's duties are all under one comprehensive head, viz.: "Mankind's duty is to man." However, in the preparation of this volume the dividing line is recognized and two general departments are presented; that of domestic or household economy, and national or political economy. The former department is a compilation ofuseful household formulas so arranged and worded as to form a neat and concise household receipt book. Frequent reference to its pages will impart such information as will enable the reader to save money and at the same time enjoy life.
Department number two treats on social questions that are now knocking at humanity's intellectual threshold for admission and solution.
Records show that less than one-thirtieth part of the time of man in general is consumed in productive pursuits, yet some people toil diligently three-fifths of their time and receive only a scanty living. To assist in making clear the road to private and national prosperity is therefore the motive which actuates me in the publication of this book.
C. A. B.
QUICK SHOOTING RECORDS.
From the time I was twelve years old I was considered a very fine shot with a rifle, although I did but very little shooting, and, in fact, did not know that I was any more than a common marksman; yet in any contests while a boy I always won.
One day in June, 1884, while passing a shooting gallery, my friends called me in for a match to pay for shots: I beat them all shooting, my score was 11 consecutive bull's eyes, while none of my friends had made half that score. The boys said I did well, to which I jestinglyremarked that "that was common shooting for me; just throw up an apple and I will hit it." The apple was thrown up, and I hit it, which was as much of a surprise to me as it was to any of the rest. I then borrowed a 22-calibre Stevens rifle and practiced shooting at objects thrown in the air, first shooting at tomato cans, afterwards at smaller objects, and finally at marbles and various other small objects. By practicing half an hour a day, within a month I could hit 70 per cent of the glass balls which were thrown in the air. On July 4, 1884, I shot a match with James Robinson, at Pratt, Kansas; conditions, 10 glass balls each at 21 foot rise, he using a shot gun, I a rifle; I lost with a score of 4 to 6. This is the only match I ever lost with a rifle against a shot gun. The trouble with me was, this being my first match, I was thinking more about the stake money than the shooting. Besides the stake money which I lost, I had to treat all the boys who attended the match; they all laughed and had a good timeat my expense.
The next day after my shoot with Robinson, I sent to P. Power & Son, of Cincinnati, for a 32-calibre Winchester repeating rifle. I continued practicing with the Winchester for about six weeks, when I challenged G. W. Washburn of Kingman, Kansas, to a match. (Mr. W. was at that time champion of Kingman County.) He to use a shot gun at glass balls from a Moles rotary trap, 21 yards rise, I to use a 32-calibre Winchester, balls from a straight trap, 10-1/2 yards rise, 50 balls each. In the tossup I won and preferred to shoot second. The score was a tie on 47 balls; we shot the tie off at 10 balls each; again we tied on ten balls straight. The match was continued at 10 balls more each. By this time things had become a littleexciting. Over $1500was bet; many were betting $4 to $1 against me, thinking that I would lose my nerve and go to missing. Mr. W. walked to the score for the third time and broke 9 balls out of 10 shot at; it then came my turn to shoot, and I hit nine balls in succession when I was interrupted by a big fellow who offered to bet $25 I would miss the 10th ball; this bet was accepted, and it turned out that the fellow had just spoken in time to lose his $25, for the 10th ball had not got eight feet from the trap when I broke it.I won this match with a score of 67 against 66 out of 70 balls shot at. I then went to shooting at glass balls with rifle against a shot gun, and in the past 20 years I have competed against 206 good trap shots and have not lost a match. I will mention only a few of them. In the summer of '85, in Medicine Lodge, Kansas, an expert shooter came over from Cold Water, Kansas, to shoot with me. We had a match at target, distance 90 feet, with 22-calibre Stephens rifle; he used globe and peep sight, I used opensights. The score stood in my favor 114 to 107 out of a possible 120, at a quarter-inch bull's eye. The next day we shot a match at 100 glass balls, he using a shot gun, I a rifle. The score stood 99 to 94 in my favor. I will mention a match which I had inOmaha, Nebraska, in August, 1886. There was nothing very striking about this match because of fine shooting; I only mention it to show how unfair people sometimes are toward strangers. I have forgotten the man's name, but he was a barber working on Tenthstreet; he held a championship medal that he had won in Dakota with a Winchester rifle at glass balls. He challenged me to shoot three matches: First, 100 glass balls hanging still from the limb of a tree, fifty yards distance. Second match at 100 balls, 10 yards rise, thrown by hand. Third match, each to shoot 100 glass balls laid on the ground in a circle 200 feet in circumference, balls two feet apart, shooter to stand in the center of the circle, the one who broke the balls in the shortest time to win,but neither of us was allowed more than 133 shots in which to break the 100 balls. I had heard a good deal said of this man, over Nebraska everywhere he was spoken of as a fine shot, and in the first match I was really afraid of being beaten, for I never had practiced a great amount at stationary targets, but on the whole I was not afraid, for the party who won two out of the series of matches was to be declared the winner. In the first match I broke 100 balls in 206 shots, while my opponent broke 82 in thesame number of shots; this made me easy winner of the first match. In the second match all kinds of tricks were resorted to, to beat me. My opponent's friends tried to rattle me by offering to bet that I would miss certain balls, but when they failed in this, the party throwing the balls would first throw a ball four feet high, then one 20 feet high, while my opponent's were thrown uniformly. Notwithstanding the fact that I was treated very unfair, the score stood a tie on 83 balls out of 100. In the thirdmatch at 100 balls in shortest time, I won easily, breaking the 100 balls in two minutes and three seconds, shooting 127 shots, while my opponent broke 61 balls in 133 shots, time four minutes, forty-two seconds. In Fort Smith, Arkansas, March 21, 1889, Ishot on time at 100 glass balls against five men with shot guns, I using a 32-calibre Winchester rifle. I broke 100 balls in ninety-five seconds, while the five men broke 100 balls in three minutes and two seconds. Ravena, Ohio, July 4, 1890, I broke 250glass balls in four minutes and sixteen seconds. At Newark, N.Y., July 4, 1891, I broke 81 glass balls in seventy-four seconds, 31 of which I broke in sixteen seconds, which is far the best record ever made with a rifle. In all of the matches I had assistants to load. I have hit 39 44-calibre cartridge shells out of 110 thrown up, 67 22-calibre cartridge shells out of 110 thrown up. The most difficult feat I ever performed was hitting 7 balls thrown up at one time. This I did at Shelby, Michigan,October 24, 1889, using a 44-calibre Winchester rifle loaded with shot cartridges. On July 4, 1893, I hit 1000 wooden balls with 22-calibre Marlin rifle in 17-1/4 minutes, which is 9.25 minutes quicker than the feat has ever been accomplished by any other person.
Ihave thrown an object into the air and hit it 12 times before it struck the ground, I using an automatic shot gun.
In concluding this article, I will suggest to those learning to shoot, that as a workman is known by the kind of tools he uses, it is equallytrue of the marksman. In order to do good shooting a good gun must be used. As a repeating rifle I have never seen the equal of the Marlin, model '92. When the gun is kept in good repair, used with well loaded cartridges, it is absolutely sure to repeat,a thing that I cannot say of any other repeating rifle. Although others are good, I consider the Marlin thebest.
C. A. BOGARDUS,Champion Quick Shot of the World.
BOGARDUS' LINIMENT.--Take two ozs. Oil Cajeput, one oz.OilSassafras, one oz. Oil Cloves, one oz. Oil Organum, 1/2-oz. OilMustard, one oz. Tinc. Capsicum, two ozs. Gum Camphor, one-halfGallon of Alcohol. Use as other liniments for any ache or pain. Forsore throat or hoarseness, saturate a towel with the liniment,place it over the mouth, let it remain so for 4 or 5 hours, and youwill be cured. For croup, bathe throat and chest with the liniment.Give one-fourth teaspoonful of liniment in one teaspoonful of warmwater every 5 to 10 minutes till relieved. Also, let the childbreathe the fumes of the liniment. I especially recommend thisliniment for general family use.
 NOTE--It is not pretended that in every instance theformulas are absolutely those used to make the medicines asindicated herein; but in every instance the medicines are equallygood, when made according to instructions.
HEALING SALVE.--One lb. Lard, 1/2 lb. Resin, 1/2 lb. Sweet Elderbark. Simmer over a slow fire 4 hours, or until it forms a hard,brown salve. This is for the cure of cuts,bruises, boils, old soresand all like ailments. Spread on a cotton cloth and apply to theparts affected.
SPECIFIC INFLAMMATORY RHEUMATISM.--One oz. Salt Petre,pulverized; one pint Sweet Oil. Bathe the parts affected threetimes a day with this mixture and a speedy cure will be theresult.
ANOTHER SALVE.--One oz. Sheep's Tallow, Beeswax one oz.,one-half oz. Sweet Oil, one-half oz. Red Lead, two ozs. GumCamphor. Fry all these together in a stone dish. Continue to simmerfor 4 hours. Spread on green basswood leaves or paper and apply tothe sore.
MAGNETIC OINTMENT.--One lb. Elder Bark, one lb. Spikenard Root,one lb. Yellow Dock Root. Boil in two gallons of water down to one,then press the strength out of the bark and roots and boil theliquid down to one-half gallon. Add 8 lbs. of best Resin, one lb.Beeswax, and Tallow enough to soften. Apply to the sores, etc., byspreading on linen cloth.
OINTMENT STRAMONIUM.--One lb. Stramonium Leaves, three lbs.Lard, one-half lb. Yellow Wax. Boil the Stramonium Leaves in theLard until they become pliable, then strain through linen. Lastlyadd the wax previously melted and stir until they are cold. This auseful anodyne application in irritable ulcers, painfulhemorrhoids, and in cutaneous eruptions.
CATHARTIC PILLS.--One-half oz. extract Colacinth, in powder,three drms. Jolop in powder, three drms. Calomel, two scru. Gambogein powder. Mix these together and with water form into mass androll into 180 pills. Dose, one pill as a mild laxative, two invigorous operations. Use in all bilious diseases when purges arenecessary.
FOR HEARTBURN--LOZENGES.--One oz. Gum Arabic, one oz. pulverizedLicorice Root, one-fourth oz. Magnesia. Add water to make intolozenges. Let dissolve in mouth and swallow.
ANOTHER COUGH CURE--(GOOD).--Take the white of an egg andpulverized sugar; beat to a froth. Take a tablespoonful every hourfor 3 or 4 hours.
TETTER OINTMENT.--One oz. Spirits Turpentine, one ounce RedPrecipitate in powder, one oz. Burgundy Pitch in powder, one lb.Hog's Lard.Melt all these ingredients over a slow fire until theointment is formed. Stir until cold. Spread on a linen rag andapply to the parts affected.
A SURE CURE FOR PILES.--Confection of Senna, two ozs., Cream ofTartar one oz., Sulphur one oz., Syrup ofGinger, enough to make astiff paste; mix. A piece as large as a nut is to be taken as oftenas necessary to keep the bowels open. One of the best remediesknown.
DIPHTHERIA.--Take a clean clay tobacco pipe, put a live coal init, then put common tar on the fire and smoke it, inhaling andbreathing back through the nostrils.
FEVER AND AGUE.--Quinine one scru., Elixir Vitriol one drm.Dissolve the Quinine in the Elixir and Tinc. of Black Cohashfourteen drops. Dose: 20 drops in a little water once an hour.
CORNS.--A SURE CURE AND PAINLESS ERADICATION.--Extract ofCannabis Indicus ten grs., Salicylic Acid 6 grs., Collodion one oz.Mix and apply with a camel's hair pencil so as to form a thickcovering over the corn for 3 or 4 nights. Take a hot foot bath andthe corn can easily be removed with the aid of a knife.
MAGIC OIL.--One gallon Sweet Oil, two ozs. Oil Hemlock, two ozs.Oil Organum, two ozs. Chloroform, four ozs. Spirits Ammonia. Mix.Let it stand 24 hours and it is ready for use. Dose, internally,one teaspoonful for adults. Bathe the affected parts well. This isa greatremedy for aches and pains, Rheumatism, Neuralgia, and allnervous and inflammatory diseases.
CURE FOR SORE THROAT IN ALL ITS DIFFERENT FORMS.--Two ozs.Cayenne Pepper, one oz. common Salt, one-half pint of Vinegar. Warmover a slow fire and gargle the throat and mouth every hour. Garlicand Onion poultice applied to the outside. Castor Oil, one spoonfulto keep the bowels open.
DROPS OF LIFE.--One oz. Gum Opium, one drm. Gum Kino, fortygrs.Gum Camphor, one-half ounce Nutmeg powdered, one pint FrenchBrandy. Let stand from one to ten days. Dose, from 30 to 40 dropsfor an adult; children, half doses. This is one of the mostvaluable preparations in the Materia Medica, and will in somedangerous hours, when all hope is fled, and the system is rackedwith pain, be the soothing balm which cures the most dangerousdisease to which the human body is liable--flux, dysentery and allsummer complaints.
CATARRH, POSITIVE CURE.--Carbolic Acid, tento twenty drops;Vaseline, one to two ozs. Mix and use with an atomizer 3 or 4 timesper day.
COUGH DROPS.--Tinc. Aconite 5 drops, Tinc. Asclepias one drm.,Glycerine two ozs., Syrup of Wild Cherry. Mix and take ateaspoonful every 40 minutes until relieved.
EYE WATER.--Table Salt and White Vitriol, each one teaspoonful.Heat them on earthen dish until dry. Now add them to soft waterone-half pint. White Sugar one teaspoonful, Blue Vitriol a piece aslarge as a common pea. Should this be too strong add a little morewater. Apply to the eye 3 or 4 times a day.
TO REMOVE TAPE WORM.--Let the patient miss two meals. Give twoteaspoonfuls powdered Kamala. Should the bowels not move within twoand-a half hours, give another teaspoonful of the Kamala. You mayfollow this in two hours by from half to one oz. Castor Oil. Thisis a positive cure for Tape Worm. It will not make the patientsick. In buying the drug be sure and get Kamala, not Camellea.Kamala is in appearance like quite red brick dust, and is nearlytasteless, whereas Camellea is of a yellowish color.
A SURE CURE FOR SMALL POX.--A gentleman contributes totheChicago Newsthe following as a sure and never failing cure forsmall pox: One ounce Cream of Tartar dissolved in pint of boilingwater, to be drankwhen cold at intervals. It can be taken at anytime, and as a preventive as well as a curative. It is known tohave cured in thousands of cases without a failure.
TO STRENGTHEN AND INVIGORATE THE SYSTEM.--Two drms. EssentialSalt of the Round Leaf Cornel,one scru. Extract Rhubarb, one scru.Ginger Powder. Make into pills, and take for a dose 2 or 3 twice aday.
GONORRHEA.--Balsam of Copabia one oz., Oil of Cubebs two drms.,Laudanum one dram, Mucilage of Gum Arabic two ozs., Sweet SpiritsNitre half oz.,Compound Spirits Lavenderthree drms., Camphor Waterfour ozs., White Sugar two drms., Oil of Partridge Berry fivedrops. Mix. Dose, a tablespoonful 3 or 4 times a day.
SURE CORN CURE.--One-half ounce Tincture of Iodine, one-halfounce Chloride orAntimony, 12 grains Iodide of Iron. Mix. Pare thecorn with a sharp knife; apply the lotion with a pencil brush. Putup in one ounce bottles. Sell for 25 to 40 cents. This sells toeverybody. (See price of labels.)
N.B.--The law imposing stamp duty on medicines, compounds,perfumes, cosmetics, etc., has been repealed.
RUSSIA SALVE.--Take equal parts of Yellow Wax and Sweet Oil,melt slowly, carefully stirring; when cooling stir in a smallquantity of Glycerine. Good for all kinds of wounds, etc.
PARADISE LINIMENT.--Take a gill of Alcohol, one-fourth ounceTincture Capsicum, one-half ounce Paradise Seed, cracked, and putall together. For rheumatism, sprains, lameness, etc.
COURT PLASTER.--This plaster is a kind of varnished silk, andits manufacture is veryeasy. Bruise a sufficient quantity ofIsinglass, and let it soak in a little warm water for twenty-fourhours. Expose it to heat over the fire until the greater part ofthe water is dissipated and supply its place by proof Spirits ofWine, which will combine with the Isinglass. Strain the wholethrough a piece of open linen, taking care that the consistency ofthe mixture shall be such that when cool it may form a tremblingjelly. Extend a piece of black or flesh-colored silk on a woodenframe, and fix it in that position by means of tacks or twine. Thenapply the Isinglass, after it has been rendered liquid by a gentleheat, to the silk with a brush of fine hair (badger's is the best).As soon as this coating is dried, which will not be long, apply asecond, and afterward, if the article is to be very superior, athird. When the whole is dry, cover it with two or three coatingsof the Balsam of Peru. This is the genuine court plaster. It ispliable and never breaks, which is far from being the case withspurious articles sold under the same name.
A CERTAIN CURE FOR DRUNKENNESS.--Sulphate of Iron five grains,Magnesia ten grains, Peppermint water eleven drachms, Spirits ofNutmeg, one drachm, twice a day. This preparation acts as a tonicand stimulant, and sopartially supplies the place of the accustomedliquor, and prevents that absolute physical and mental prostrationthat follows a sudden breaking off from the use of stimulatingdrinks.
FRENCH LUSTRAL.--Take Castor Oil three ozs., Alcohol one andone-half ozs., Ammonia one-sixteenth of an oz., well shaken andmixed together; perfume to suit--Bergamont or any other perfume.Splendid hair dressing. Three ounce bottles, twenty-five cents.
LUNG MEDICINE.--Take Black Cohosh one-half oz., Lobeliaone-fourth oz., Canker root three-fourths oz., Blackberry Rootthree-fourths of an oz., Sarsaparilla one oz., Pleurisy Rootone-half oz., steeped in three pints of water. Dose, onetablespoonful three times a day, before eating. Sure cure forspitting blood.
TOOTHACHE DROPS.--Four ounces pulverized Alum, fourteen ozs.Sweet Spirits of Nitre. Put up in one oz. bottles. Retails readilyat 25 cents per bottle. This is the most effective remedy fortoothache that was ever discovered, and is a fortune to any one whowill push its sale. It sells at every house.
MAGNETIC TOOTHACHE DROPS.--Take equal parts of Camphor,Sulphuric Ether, Ammonia, Laudanum, Tincture of Cayenne, andone-eighth part of Oil of Cloves. Mix well together. Saturate withthe liquid a small piece of cotton, andapply to the cavity of thediseased tooth, and the pain will cease immediately. Put up in longdrachm bottles. Retail at 25 cents. This is a very salablepreparation, and affords a large profit to the manufacturer.
GREEN MOUNTAIN SALVE.--Take one pound Beeswax, one pound of softButter, and one and one-half pounds soft Turpentine, twelve ouncesBalsam Fir. Melt and strain. Use to heal fresh wounds, burns,scalds and all bad sores.
WARTS AND CORNS--TO CURE IN TEN MINUTES.--Take a small piece ofPotash and let it stand in the open air until it slacks, thenthicken it to a paste with pulverized Gum Arabic, which prevents itfrom spreading where it is not wanted.
LINIMENT--GOOD SAMARITAN.--Take 98 per cent Alcohol two quarts,and add to it the following articles: Oils of Sassafras, Hemlock,Spirits of Turpentine, Tincture Cayenne, Catechu, Guaic (guac), andLaudanum, of each one ounce, Tincture of Myrrh four ounces, Oil ofOrganum two ounces, Oil of Wintergreen one-half ounce. Gum Camphortwo ounces, and Chloroform one and one-half ounce. This is one ofthe best applications for internal pains known. It is superior toany other enumerated in this work.
PLAIN COURT PLASTER, that will not stick and remains flexible:Soak Isinglass in a little warm water for twenty-four hours, thenevaporate nearly all the water by gentle heat. Dissolve the residuewith a little Proof Spirits of Wine, and strain the whole through apiece of open linen. The strained mass should be a stiff jelly whencool. Stitch a piece of silk or sarcenet on a wooden frame withtacks or thread. Melt the jelly and apply it to the silk thinly andevenly with a badger hair brush. A second coating must be appliedafter the first has dried. When the both are dry apply over thewhole surface two or three coatings of Balsam of Peru. This plasterremains quite pliable, and never breaks.
A CURE FOR CANCER (AS USED BY A NEW YORK PHYSICIAN WITH GREATSUCCESS).--Take Red Oak Bark, and boil it to the thickness ofmolasses, then mix with sheep's tallow of equal proportion. Spreadit on leaves of Linnwood green, and keep the plaster over theulcer. Change once in eight hours.
DAVIS' PAIN KILLER--One quart proof Alcohol, one drm.,Chloroform, one oz. Oil Sassafras, one oz. Gum Camphor, one drm.Spirits of Ammonia, twodrms. Oil of Cayenne. Mix well and let stand24 hours before using.
AUGUST FLOWER.--Powdered Rhubarb one oz., Golden Seal one-fourthoz., Aloes one drachm, Peppermint Leaves two drms., Carbonate ofPotash two drms., Capsicum five grs.,Sugar five ozs., Alcohol threeozs., Water ten ozs., Essence of Peppermint twenty drops. Powderthe drugs and let stand covered with Alcohol and water, equal partsfor seven days. Filter and add through the filter enough dilutedAlcohol to make one pint.
BLOOD PURIFIER--B.B.B.--Fluid Extract Burdock one oz., FluidExtract Sarsaparilla one oz., Fluid Extract Yellow Dock one oz.,Fluid Extract Senna one oz., Syrup eight ozs., Alcohol two ozs.Mix.
BOSCHEE'S GERMAN SYRUP.--Wine of Tar two ozs., Fluid ExtractSquills one oz., Tinct. Opium two drms., Fluid Extract Sanguinarietwo drms., Syrup of Sugar eight ozs. Mix.
CENTAUR LINIMENT.--Oil Speke one oz., Oil Wormwood one oz., OilSassafras one oz., Oil Organum one oz., Oil Cinnamon one oz., OilCloves one drm., Oil Cedar one drm., Sulphur. Ether one oz., AquaAmmonia one oz., Tinc. Opium one oz., Alcohol one gal. Mix. This isan excellent liniment and good whenever a liniment is needed.
CASTORIA.--Pumpkin Seed one oz., Cenria Leaves one oz., RochelleSalts one oz., Anise Seed one-half oz., Bi. Carb. Soda one oz.,Worm Seed one-half oz. Mix and thoroughly rub together in anearthen vessel, then put into a bottle and pour over it four ozs.water and one oz. Alcohol, and let stand four days, then strain offand add Syrup made of White Sugar, quantity to make one pint, thenadd one-half oz. Alcohol drops and five drops Wintergreen. Mixthoroughly and add to the contents of the bottle and take asdirected.
HARTER'S IRON TONIC.--Calisaya Bark two ozs., Citrate of Irontwo ozs., Gentian two ozs., Cardamon Seed two ozs., Syrup two ozs.,Alcohol two ozs., Water eight ozs. Mix.
HALL'S BALSAM FOR THE LUNGS.--Fluid Extract Ipecac one-half oz.,Fluid Extract Squills one oz., Chloroform one-fourth oz., Wine ofTar one oz., Tinct. Opium, one-fifth oz., Fluid Extract of Mullenone oz., Syrup enough to make one pint.
GODFREY'S CORDIAL.--Tinct. Opium six ozs., Molasses four pints,Alcohol eight ozs., Water six pints, Carbonate Potash four drms.,Oil Sassafras cut with Alcohol one drm. Dissolve the Potashinwater, add the Molasses; heat over a gentle fire till it simmers,remove the scum, add the other ingredients, the oil dissolved inthe Alcohol.
HALL'S HONEY OF HOARHOUND AND TAR.--Wine of Tar one oz., FluidExtract of Hoarhound one oz., Tinct. Opium onedrm., Syrup OrangePeel one-half oz., Honey three ozs., Syrup enough to make onepint.
HOOD'S SARSAPARILLA.--Fluid Extract Sarsaparilla one oz., FluidExtract Yellow Dock one oz., Fluid Extract Poke Root, one-half oz.,Iodide of Potash one-half oz., SyrupOrange Peel one oz., Alcoholfour ozs., Syrup enough to make one pint.
HAMLIN'S WIZARD OIL.--Oil Sassafras two ozs., Oil Cedar one oz.,Gum Camphor one oz., Sulph. Ether two ozs., Chloroform two ozs.,Tinct. Capsicum one oz., Aqua Ammonia twoozs., Oil Turpentine oneoz., Tinct. Quassia three ozs., Alcohol half a gallon. Mix and youhave a fine liniment.
HOP BITTERS.--Hops four ozs., Orange Peel two ozs., Cardamon twodrms., Cinnamon one drm., Cloves one-half drm., Alcohol eight ozs.,Sherry Wine two pints, Simple Syrup one pint. Water sufficient.Grind the drugs, macerate in the Alcohol and Wine for one week,percolate and add enough syrup and water to make one gallon.
HOSTETTER'S BITTERS.--Gentian Root (ground) one-half oz.,Cinnamon Bark one-half oz., Cinchona Bark (ground) one-half oz.,Anise Seed one-half oz., Coriander Seed (ground) one-half oz.,Cardamon Seed one-eighth oz., Gum Kino one-fourth oz., Alcohol onepint. Water four quarts, Sugar one lb. Mix and let stand for oneweek, pour off the fluid,boil the drug for a few minutes in onequart of water, strain off and add the first fluid, and then thesugar and water.
INJECTION BROU.--Water four ozs., Nitrate Silver twenty grs.,Tinct. Opium one-half oz., Sulph. Bismuth and Hydratis two oz.Mix.
JAYNE'S EXPECTORANT.--Syrup Squills two ozs., Tinct. Tolu oneoz., Spirits Camphor one drm., Tinct. Digitalis one drm., Tinct.Lobelia one drm., Wine of Ipecac two drms., Tinc. Opium two drms.,Antimonia two grains. Mix.
JAYNE'S TONIC VERMIFUGE.--L. santonnie twenty grs., FluidExtract Pink Root three drms., Fluid Extract Senna two drms.,Simple Elixir two ozs., Syrup two ozs. Mix. Take tablespoonfulnight and morning.
MUSTANG LINIMENT.--Linseed Oil fourteen ozs., Aqua Ammonia twoozs., Tinct. Capsicum one-fourth oz., Oil Organum one-fourth oz.,Turpentine one oz., Oil Mustard, one-fourth oz. Mix.
S.S.S. FLUID.--Extract Phytolacca one oz., Fluid ExtractSarsaparilla one oz., Iodide Potash one oz., Extract FluidXanthoxylon one-half oz., Culiver's Root Fluid Extract one oz.,Acetate Potash one oz., Cinnamon Tinct. one-fourth oz., Tinct.Cardamon Seed one oz., Alcohol four ozs., Sugar one-half pound,Water thirty-six ozs. Mix.
SMITH'S TONIC.--Fowler's Solution of Arsenic two drms.,Culiver's Root one oz., Syrup Orange Peel four ozs., Simple Syruptwelve ozs. Mix. Then add Chinchonia forty grains dissolved inAromatic Sulph. Acid. Shake to mix well.
SOZODONT FRAGRANT.--Tinct. Soap Bark two ozs., Tinct. Myrrh onedrm., Glycerine one-half oz., Water one and one-half ozs., EssenceCloves ten drops, Essence Wintergreen ten drops, Tinct. Cochinealenough to color. Mix. Accompanying the above is a powder composedof prepared Chalk, Orris Root, Carbonate Magnesia, of each equalparts. Mix.
SHAKER'S CUTIVE SYRUP.--Fluid Extract Blue Flag twenty drops,Fluid Extract Culiver's Root twenty drops, Fluid Extract Poke Roottwenty drops, Fluid Extract Butternut twentydrops, Fluid ExtractDandelion twenty drops, Fluid Extract Prince Pine ten drops, FluidExtract Mandrake five drops, Fluid Extract Gentian five drops,Fluid Extract Calcium five drops, Fluid Extract Black Cohoes thirtydrops, Tinct. Aloe thirty drops, Tinct. Capsicum ten drops, Tinct.Sassafras thirty drops, Borax one drm., Salt three-fourths drm.,Syrup three ozs., Watereight ozs.
AYER'S CHERRY PECTORAL.--Take four grains of Acetate of Morphia,two fluid drachms of Tincture of Bloodroot, three fluid drachmseach of Antimonial Wine and Wine of Ipecacuanha, and three fluidounces Syrup of Wild Cherry. Mix.
BROWN'S BRONCHIAL TROCHES.--Take one pound pulverized Extract ofLicorice, one and one-half pounds Pulverized Sugar, four ouncespulverized Cubebs, four ounces pulverized Gum Arabic, and one ounceof pulverized Extract of Conium. Mix.
SUCCUS ALTERNS (McDADE'S).--Fluid Extract Starlinga one oz.,Fluid Extract Sarsaparilla one oz., Fluid Extract PhytolaccaDecandra one-half oz., Fluid Extract Lappa Minor one oz., FluidExtract Xanthoxylon one-half oz., Syrup fourteen ozs., Mix.Teaspoonful three times a day.
SEVEN SEALS OF GOLDEN WONDER.--Oil Cajeput two drms., Sassafrasone-half oz., Oil Organum one drm., Oil Hemlock one drm., Oil Cedarone drm., Tincture Capsicum one-fourth oz., Alcohol enough to makeone pint.
WAKEFIELD'S WINE BITTERS.--Cinchona Bark four ozs., Gentian Barktwo ozs., Juniper Berries one oz., Orange Peel one oz., Lemon Peelfresh sliced one-fourth oz., California Port Wine four pints,Alcohol one pint, Water three pints. Digest or let stand ten days,then filter and add wine enough to preserve measure.
ST. JACOB'S OIL.--Camphor Gum one oz., Chloral Hydrate one oz.,Chloroform one oz., Sulphate Ether one oz., Tinct. Opium(non-aqueous) one-half oz., Oil Organum one-half oz., Oil Sassafrasone-half oz., Alcohol one-half gallon. Dissolve Gum Camphor withAlcoholand then add the oil, then the other ingredients.
R.R.R.--Alcohol two pints, Oil Sassafras two ozs., Oil Organumtwi ozs., Camphor Spirits one-half oz., Tinct. Opium one oz.,Chloroform one oz. Mix.
PISO'S CONSUMPTION CURE.--Tartar Emetic four grains,Tinc. Toluone-half oz., Sulphate Morphia four grains, Fluid Extract Lobeliatwo drms., Chloroform one drm., Fluid Extract Cannabis Indica twodrms., Essence Spearmint ten drops, Hot Water eight ozs., Sugarfour ozs., Dissolve the Morphia and Tartar Emeticin hot water andadd the rest.
WARNER'S TIPPECANOE BITTERS.--Cardamon Seed two ozs., Nutmeg onedrm., Grains of Paradise one drm., Cloves one oz., Cinnamon twoozs., Ginger one oz., Orange Peel one oz., Lemon Peel one oz.,Alcohol one gallon, Water one gallon, Sugar three pounds. Mix andlet stand for six or seven days and filter. Then add enough waterto make four gallons.
WARNER'S SAFE CURE.--Take of Smart Weed four pounds, boil forone hour with one gallon soft water, adding warm water to supplywaste by evaporation; then strain off and add Acetate Potash fourozs., Sugar four pounds. Boil again till sugar is dissolved, thenadd Alcohol eight ozs., and flavor with Oil of Wintergreen cut withAlcohol.
WAKEFIELD'S BLACKBERRY BALSAM.--Blackberries crushed two pounds,Boiling Water four ozs., Sugar four ozs., Jamaica Ginger four grs.,Alcohol two ozs. Mix and add Syrup enough to make sixteen ozs.
ACCIDENTS AND EMERGENCIES.
WHAT TO DO.
If an artery is cut, red blood spurts. Compress it above thewound. If avein is cut, dark blood flows. Compress it below andabove.
If choked, go upon all fours and cough.
For slight burns, dip the part in cold water; if the skin isdestroyed, cover with varnish or linseed oil.
For apoplexy, raise the head and body; for fainting, lay theperson flat.
Send for a physician when a serious accident of any kind occurs,but treat as directed until he arrives.
SCALDS AND BURNS.--The following facts cannot be too firmlyimpressed on the mind of the reader, that in either of theseaccidents thefirst,bestandoften the only remedies required, aresheets of wadding, fine wool, or carded cotton, and in the defaultof these, violet powder, flour, magnesia or chalk. The object forwhich these several articles are employed is the same in eachinstance; namely, to exclude the air from injured part; for if theair can be effectually shut out from the raw surface, and care istaken not to expose the tender part till the new cuticle is formed,the cure may be safely left to nature. The moment a person iscalled to a case of scald or burn, he should cover the part with asheet, or a portion of a sheet, of wadding, taking care not tobreak any blister that may have formed, or stay to remove any burntclothes that may adhere to the surface, but as quickly as possibleenvelope every part of the injury from all access of the air,laying one or two more pieces of wadding on the first, so as toeffectually guard the burn or scald from the irritation of theatmosphere; and if the article used is wool or cotton, the sameprecaution, of adding more material where the surface is thinlycovered, must be adopted; a light bandage finally securing all intheir places. Any of the popular remedies recommended below may beemployed when neither wool, cotton nor wadding are to be procured,it being always remembered that that article which will bestexclude the air from a burn or scald is thebest, quickest, andleast painful mode of treatment. And in this respect nothing hassurpassed cotton loose or attached to paperas in wadding.
If the Skin is Much Injuredin burns, spread some linen prettythickly with chalk ointment, and lay over the part, and give thepatient some brandy and water if much exhausted; then send for amedical man. If not much injured, and very painful, use the sameointment, or apply carded cotton dipped in lime water and linseedoil. If you please, you may lay cloths dipped in ether over theparts, or cold lotions. Treat scalds in same manner, or cover withscraped raw potato; but the chalk ointment is the best. In theabsence of all these, cover the injured part with treacle, and dustover it plenty of flour.
BODY IN FLAMES.--Lay the person down on the floor of the room,and throw the table cloth, rug or other large cover over him, androll him onthe floor.
DIRT IN THE EYE.--Place your forefinger upon the cheek-bone,having the patient before you; then slightly bend the finger, thiswill draw down the lower lid of the eye, and you will probably beable to remove the dirt; but if this will not enable you to get atit, repeat this operation while you have a netting needle or bodkinplaced over the eyelid; this will turn it inside out, and enableyou to remove the sand or eyelash, etc., with the corner of a finesilk handkerchief. As soon as the substance is removed, bathe theeye with cold water, and exclude the light for a day. If theinflammation is severe, let the patient use a refrigerantlotion.
LIME IN THE EYE.--Syringe it well with warm vinegar and water inthe proportion of one ounce of vinegarto eight ounces of water;exclude light.
IRON OR STEEL SPICULAE IN THE EYE.--These occur while turningiron or steel in a lathe, and are best remedied by doubling backthe upper or lower eyelid, according to the situation of thesubstance, and with the flat edge of a silver probe, taking up themetallic particle, using a lotion made by dissolving six grains ofsugar of lead and the same of white vitriol, in six ounces ofwater, and bathing the eye three times a day till the inflammationsubsides. Another plan is--Drop a solution of sulphate of copper(from one to three grains of the salt to one ounce of water) intothe eye, or keep the eye open in a wineglassful of the solution.Bathe with cold lotion, and exclude light to keep downinflammation.
DISLOCATEDTHUMB.--This is frequently produced by a fall. Make aclove hitch, by passing two loops of cord over the thumb, placing apiece or rag under the cord to prevent it cutting the thumb; thenpull in the same line as the thumb. Afterwards apply a coldlotion.
CUTS AND WOUNDS.--Clean cut wounds, whether deep or superficial,and likely to heal by the first intention, should always be washedor cleaned, and at once evenly and smoothly closed by bringing bothedges close together, and securing them in that position byadhesive plaster. Cut thin strips of sticking plaster, and bringthe parts together; or if large and deep, cut two broad pieces, soas to look like the teeth of a comb, and place one on each side ofthe wound, which must be cleaned previously. These pieces must bearranged so that they will interlace one another; then, by layinghold of the pieces on the right side withone hand, and those on theother side with the other hand, and pulling them from one another,the edges of the wound are brought together without anydifficulty.
Ordinary Cutsare dressed by thin strips, applied by pressingdown the plaster on one side of the wound, and keeping it there andpulling in the opposite direction; then suddenly depressing thehand when the edges of the wound are brought together.
CONTUSIONS are best healed by laying a piece of folded lint,well wetted with extract of lead, or boracic acid, on the part,and, if there is much pain, placing a hot bran poultice over thedressing, repeating both, if necessary, everytwo hours. When theinjuries are very severe, lay a cloth over the part, and suspend abasin over it filled with cold lotion. Put a piece of cotton intothe basin, so that it shall allow the lotion to drop on the cloth,and thus keep it always wet.
HEMORRHAGE, when caused by an artery being divided or torn, maybe known by the blood issuing out of the wound in leaps or jerks,and being of a bright scarlet color. If a vein is injured, theblood is darker and flows continuously. To arrest the latter, applypressure by means of a compress and bandage. To arrest arterialbleeding, get a piece of wood (part of a broom handle will do), andtie a piece of tape to one end of it; then tie a piece of tapeloosely over the arm, and pass the other end of the wood underit;twist the stick round and round until the tape compresses the armsufficiently to arrest the bleeding, and then confine the other endby tying the string around the arm. A compress made by enfolding apenny piece in several folds of lint or linen should, however, befirst placed under the tape and over the artery. If the bleeding isvery obstinate, and it occurs in thearm, place a cork underneaththe string, on the inside of the fleshy part, where the artery maybe felt beating by anyone, if in theleg, place a cork in thedirection of a line drawn from the inner part of the knee towardsthe outer part of the groin. It is an excellent thing to accustomyourself to find out the position of these arteries, or, indeed,any that are superficial, and to explain to every person in yourhouse where they are, and how to stop bleeding. If a stick cannotbe got, take a handkerchief, make a cord bandage of it, and tie aknot in the middle; the knot acts as a compress, and should beplaced over the artery, while the two ends are to be tied aroundthe thumb. Observealways to place the ligature between the woundand the heart. Putting your finger into a bleeding wound, andmaking pressure until a surgeon arrives, will generally stopviolent bleeding.
BLEEDING FROM THE NOSE, from whatever cause, may generally bestopped by putting a plug of lint into the nostrils; if this doesnot do, apply a cold lotion to the forehead; raise the head, andplace over it both arms, so that it will rest on the hands; dip thelint plug,slightly moistened, into some powdered Gum Arabic, andplug the nostrils again; or dip the plug into equal parts ofpowdered Gum Arabic and alum, and plug the nose. Or the plug may bedipped in Friar's balsam, or tincture of Kino. Heat should beapplied tothe feet; and, in obstinate cases, the sudden shock of acold key, or cold water poured down the spine, will instantly stopthe bleeding. If the bowels are confined take a purgative.Injections of alum solution from a small syringe into the nose willoften stop hemorrhage.
VIOLENT SHOCKS will sometimes stun a person, and he will remainunconscious. Untie strings, collars, etc.; loosen anything that istight, and interferes with the breathing; raise the head; see ifthere is bleeding from any part; apply smelling salts to the nose,and hot bottles to the feet.
IN CONCUSSION, the surface of the body is cold and pale, and thepulse weak and small, the breathing slow andgentle, and the pupilof the eye generally contracted or small. You can get an answer byspeaking loud, so as to rouse the patient. Give a little brandy andwater, keep the place quiet, apply warmth, and do not raise thehead too high. If you tickle the feet, the patient feels it.
IN COMPRESSION OF THE BRAIN from any cause, such as apoplexy,ora piece of fractured bone pressing on it, there is loss ofsensation. If you tickle the feet of the injured person he does notfeel it. You cannot arouse him so as to get an answer. The pulse isslow and labored; the breathing deep, labored, andsnorting;thepupil enlarged. Raise the head, loosen strings or tight things, andsend for a surgeon. If one cannot be got at once, apply mustardpoultices to the feet and thighs, leeches to the temples, and hotwater to the feet.
CHOKING.--When a person has a fishbone in the throat, insert theforefinger, press upon the root of the tongue, so as to inducevomiting; if this does not do, let him swallow a large piece ofpotato or soft bread; and if these fail, give a mustard emetic.
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