Islam (vol. 2): The Prophet Mohammed - Passerino Editore - ebook
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The Qur’an, which should be the primary source about the life of Mohammed (Muhammad), does not provide any detail about him, as opposed to the Torah or the Gospels which contain narratives about Moses or Jesus. In the Qur’an, biographical and narrative elements are uncommon. Muslims conceive it as a divine revelation. Nevertheless there are some stories about the life of Mohammed and his great importance (Quran: 2,151; 2,213; 4,15-19; 13,38 etc…). The biography of Mohammed can be retraced through other sources, the Sunna and the Hadith, that hold memories of the prophet. There are also ancient biographies edited after his death. In particular, Ibn Ishaq (704-768) collected oral traditions on the life of the prophet Mohammed known as The life of Muhammad; his work had been edited by Ibn Hisam (833 AD) and al’Tabari (839- 923 AD). Starting from these sources it is possible to trace a good historical background of Mohammed’s life.Translated by Roberta Ridolfi

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ISBN: 9788893451178
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Table of contents

THE SOURCES

THE LIFE OF MOHAMMED BEFORE DIVINE REVELATION

MOHAMMED AND THE DIVINE REVELATION

THE HEJIRA (HIJRAH)

THE IMPORTANCE OF HIJRAH

MOHAMMED

FIRST VICTORIES AND CLASHES AGAINST JEWS

RETURN TO MECCA

DEATH OF THE PROPHET

PASSERINO EDITORE

(edited by)

ISLAM (VOL. 2)

THE PROPHET MOHAMMED

Translated by Roberta Ridolfi

Passerino Editore

2017

The series of mini e-book dedicated to Islam consist of 4 volumes:

Islam (vol. 1): Introduction and pre-islamic contextIslam (vol. 2): Mohammed the prophetIslam (vol. 3): The QuranIslam (vol. 4): The Muslim’s beliefs

THE SOURCES

The Qur’an, which should be the primary source about the life of Mohammed (Muhammad), does not provide any detail about him, as opposed to the Torah or the Gospels which contain narratives about Moses or Jesus. In the Qur’an, biographical and narrative elements are uncommon. Muslims conceive it as a divine revelation. Nevertheless there are some stories about the life of Mohammed and his great importance (Quran: 2,151; 2,213; 4,15-19; 13,38 etc…). The biography of Mohammed can be retraced through other sources, the Sunna and the Hadith, that hold memories of the prophet. There are also ancient biographies edited after his death. In particular, Ibn Ishaq (704-768) collected oral traditions on the life of the prophet Mohammed known as The life of Muhammad; his work had been edited by Ibn Hisam (833 AD) and al’Tabari (839- 923 AD). Starting from these sources it is possible to trace a good historical background of Mohammed’s life.

THE LIFE OF MOHAMMED BEFORE DIVINE REVELATION

Traditionally it is said that prophet Mohammed (the lauded, the glorified) was born in the 570 Christian era. Signs of his arrival had been announced both from Jewish groups of Yathrib (after Madinat an-nabi, city of the prophet in present-day Medina) and also from Christian hermit monks living in caves nearby the Mecca. The year ‘570 (CE) is also known as the Year of the Elephant, the name is derived from of an attempt of besieging Mecca from Abyssinians army which included one war Elephant, an unknown animal in the Arabian peninsula. According to tradition the elephant kneeled down at the boundary around Mecca and refused to enter despite many efforts to force It to. A clear sign of divine intervention also reported in the Qur’an: “Have you (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) not seen how your Lord dealt with the Owners of the Elephant? And he sent against them birds in flocks striking them with stones of Sijjil and He made them like stalks.” (Al Fil, 105). Muhammad’s mother, Amina, during the pregnancy heard a voice telling her : “you are carrying in your womb the master of this nation…call him Muhammad” (Siah of Ibn Ishaq as handed down from Ibn Hisam). The parents of Prophet Mohammed, Abd Allah and Amina, were members of the Quraish (small sharks) tribe, a clan that at the time had control of the Mecca and that together with other clans controlled the Sanctuary of Ka’bah that attracted multitude of pilgrims. The Quraish tribe was well respected, and after the battle of the Elephant they had been titled people of the God, that increased their honour. Orphaned early in life, his father died before he was born, his mother died when he was six years old, Mohammed’s grandfather ‘Ahd al-Muttalib of the Hasimiti clan, became his guardian. The clan got their name from a gesture of the ancestor Hisam that during a pilgrimage cut the bread (hasama