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Copyright © 2018 by Alessandro Baruffi
All rights reserved. This book or any portion thereof may not be reproduced or used in any manner whatsoever without the express written permission of the publisher, except for the use of brief quotations in a book review or scholarly journal.
First Printing: 2018
LiteraryJoint Press, Philadelphia, PA (USA)
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Cover: Portrait of Giuseppe Ungaretti as a young man.
Hermeticism in poetry, or hermetic poetry, is a form of obscure and difficult poetry, as of the Symbolist movement, wherein the language and imagery are subjective, and where the suggestive power of the sound of words is as important as their meaning. The name alludes to the mythical Hermes Trismegistus (Ancient Greek: ἙρμῆςὁΤρισμέγιστος, “thrice-greatest Hermes”,) the purported author of the Hermetic Corpus, a series of sacred texts that are the basis of Hermeticism.
Within the NovecentoItaliano, Hermetic poetry became an Italian literary movement in the 1920s and 1930s. Major features of this movement were reduction to essential, abolishment of punctuation, and brief, synthetic compositions, at times resulting in short works of only two or three verses.
The leading representative of an experimental poetry known as Ermetismo(“Hermeticism”,) wasGiuseppe Ungaretti (Italian: [dʒuˈzɛppeuŋɡaˈretti]; 8 February 1888 – 2 June 1970) an Italian modernist poet, journalist, essayist, critic, and academic. Influenced by symbolism, Ungarettiwas for a brief period of time also aligned with futurism. He debuted as a poet during WWI, while fighting in the trenches.
The poems of these early times are sudden intuitions, flashes of insight, infused by the sheer struggle to stay alive. To put into perspective with his contemporary literary background, Ungaretti,