Aspects of Russian Society - A Siberian Economic Point of View - Sergei E. Metelev - ebook

Aspects of Russian Society - A Siberian Economic Point of View ebook

Sergei E. Metelev

0,0

Opis

Since the beginning of 2011, Sergei Metelev is a Russian member of the Editorial Advisory Board of “European Union Foreign Affairs Journal”. From this time he has acquired some merits that the reflections of the Russian scientific community in and around his region are read throughout the European and world-wide readership of this paper. In addition, this compilation of his articles and papers is of great interest for every non-Russian scholar, showing problems in Russia’s and his personal view, and the ways of thinking of a Russian economic scientist in general. These short contributions focus on immigration, demographic tendencies, criminality, security, corruption, but also on Russian-European economic relations. Of course, other subjects could have been treated as well, but here and now the content had to be limited to these contributions. We are in a time when it should become a common view rather to talk with each other than about each other. Also between Russia and Europe, we need a more intensive dialogue above all on values, on what a state’s tasks are, on the borders between freedoms and collective action, on what democracy means, on the functions of a market and a social net, on the intellectual and de facto approach to what human rights mean, and what is the rule of law. This booklet is an interesting step on this way, and nobody is forced to agree with everything what another says, and vice-versa. But it is good if the contributions hereafter will cause interesting dialogues, at universities, in research, in policy-making, in other publications, in papers, in all kinds of discussion circles. Exactly this is the intention of the publisher, embedded in the yet new tradition of the European space of cultural exchange, research and common life-long learning between the European Union and Russia. November 2012 Hans-Jürgen Zahorka

Ebooka przeczytasz w aplikacjach Legimi na:

Androidzie
iOS
czytnikach certyfikowanych
przez Legimi
czytnikach Kindle™
(dla wybranych pakietów)
Windows
10
Windows
Phone

Liczba stron: 144

Odsłuch ebooka (TTS) dostepny w abonamencie „ebooki+audiobooki bez limitu” w aplikacjach Legimi na:

Androidzie
iOS
Oceny
0,0
0
0
0
0
0


Kolekcje



Bibliografische Information der Deutschen Bibliothek

Die Deutsche Bibliothek verzeichnet diese Publikation in der Deutschen Nationalbibliografie; detaillierte bibliografische Daten sind im Internet über http://dnb.ddb.de abrufbar

Rangendingen, November 2012

© by LIBERTAS

LIBERTAS – European Institute GmbH,

Lindenweg 37, 72414 Rangendingen (Hechingen), Germany

Phone +49 7471 984996-0, fax +49 7471 984996-19

eMail: [email protected]

Internet: www.libertas-institut.com

ISBN 978-3-937642-18-5 (print)

ISBN 978-3-946119-06-7 (epub)

ISBN 978-3-937642-30-7 (mobipocket)

The Author

SERGEI EFIMOVICH METELEV, Omsk, Siberia, Russian Federation, is Doctor of Economy and is since 2005 Rector and Professor for the Chair for Finance and Credit with the Omsk Institute of Russian State University of Trade and Economics.

After starting his professional life as legal advisor and economist in the agricultural sector he was – for the Russian Federation in post-Soviet time - active for the Department of Internal Affairs in the Omsk region e.g. fighting economic crimes, in the passport & visa section, but also as Chief of Department forfighting crimes of terrorist and extremist character at the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Hanty Mansijsk Autonomous Region.

His present post was preceded by teaching at the Omsk Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia where he had been nominated professor for the Chair of Legal Disciplines.

Since the beginning of 2011 he is also is part of the Editorial Advisory Board of “European Union Foreign Affairs Journal (EUFAJ). Among his topical interests is the performance of regions in Russia and, comparatively, in Europe.

Table of Contents

The Author

Table of Contents

Foreword

Management of Sustainable Development of a Region: Methodology and Strategy

Priorities of Spatial Changes of the Russian Economy,

International Migration in Russia and Prospects for

Migration and Technical and Economic Development of Russia

Migration and Social Communities

Corruption in the Russian Economy:

The Development of EU-Russia Cooperation

Table of Contents

Foreword by Hans-Jürgen Zahorka

Management of Sustainable Development of a Region:

Methodology and Strategy

(written together with S. E. Elkin)

Priorities of Spatial Changes of the Russian Economy, the Demographic Problems and the Dynamics of Migration Processes

International Migration in Russia and Prospects for Social and Economic Development of the Country

Migration and Technical and Economic Development of Russia

Illegal Migration and Immigration Policy

Migration and Social Communities

Corruption in the Russian Economy: Assessment by the Methods of Corporate Audit

The Development of EU-Russia Cooperation under the Present Conditions

Foreword

Since the beginning of 2011, Sergei Metelev is a Russian member of the Editorial Advisory Board of “European Union Foreign Affairs Journal”. From this time he has acquired some merits that the reflections of the Russian scientific community in and around his region are read throughout the European and world-wide readership of this paper.

In addition, this compilation of his articles and papers is of great interest for every non-Russian scholar, showing problems in Russia’s and his personal view, and the ways of thinking of a Russian economic scientist in general. These short contributions focus on immigration, demographic tendencies, criminality, security, corruption, but also on Russian-European economic relations. Of course, other subjects could have been treated as well, but here and now the content had to be limited to these contributions.

We are in a time when it should become a common view rather to talk with each other than about each other. Also between Russia and Europe, we need a more intensive dialogue above all on values, on what a state’s tasks are, on the borders between freedoms and collective action, on what democracy means, on the functions of a market and a social net, on the intellectual and de facto approach to what human rights mean, and what is the rule of law.

This booklet is an interesting step on this way, and nobody is forced to agree with everything what another says, and vice-versa. But it is good if the contributions hereafter will cause interesting dialogues, at universities, in research, in policy-making, in other publications, in papers, in all kinds of discussion circles. Exactly this is the intention of the publisher, embedded in the yet new tradition of the European space of cultural exchange, research and common life-long learning between the European Union and Russia.

November 2012

Hans-Jürgen Zahorka

Management of Sustainable Development of a Region: Methodology and Strategy

S. E. Metelev andS. E. Elkin

The concept of«sustainable development» attracted theattention of world community following the publication of the report "Our Common Future"(1987) preparedby the UN Commissionon Environmentand Development [1]. It was the Commissions conclusions thatmade the conceptual basisof the decisions takenwithin the framework ofthe UN Conference onEnvironment and Developmentin1992 in Rio de Janeiro attended bygovernmental delegations of 179 countries as well as numerousinternational organizations and NGOs.Theyidentifiedglobal challengesof sustainable development, unani-

mously adopted and approved the manifesto "Agenda for the XXI century"[2].

Previously,the term"sustainable development" has been usedin ecologyto describethe abilityof ecosystemsto maintain theirstructureand functional propertieswhen exposed toexternal factors.The term "sustainable development" was understood as themodel ofmoving forward allowing tosatisfy the vital needsof the present generationwithout deprivingfuture generationsof such a possibility[3].The ambiguity ofinterpretationof "sustainable developmentof regions" causes heterogeneity in thetrendsand prospects development[4].

The main criterionfor sustainabledevelopment in the worldis the strategic balancebetween human activitiesand the maintenance ofthe biospherereproducing capacity [5].This is particularly importantforregional development, because a region is, as I.R.Kormanovskaya andRenkasN.N. emphasized [6], an opencomplexsocio-ecological-economic systemaffected by both the internalpressures caused bythe local government,and the external onesdue tonational economicand social policies.

In turn, the methodology ofresearch onsustainable development implies, first of all, the terminological accuracy.Ina systemic approach there are two closely related conceptscharacterizing the development of asystem of variabilityandstability.

Philosophically"development" is understoodas adirectionalchange and preser- vationwhich is closeto the concepts of "variability"and"sustainability."Presumably, the"change"as theproperty of a systemisitsvariability, and "preservation"asa systemic feature means stability.

While characterizing thestability of a systemitsmain property-invariance, for example, resistance toenvironmental changes is noted.Resourceanddesign of a system are the foundationof its organization.For this reason, it is recommendedto consider thepurpose, composition and structure of the system(city, region) in the analysis.

Variabilityof the systemdetermines itsdynamic aspect, showinga modificationof the systemwithinits frame. In preservingstable structure ofthe system one or anotherpart of itsresource potential is used.Stablemodifications in whichthe systemduringits development dominatesformits varieties. These are stagesorcycles ofthe time aspectof the system.

At the same time, one should payattention tocontradictoryinterpretations of the conceptof "development"inthe scientific papers.On the onehand, development is theexistence of a systemover time.On the otherhand, development suggests a stage-by-stage approach which increasesa system’s complexity. As theregion is seen asa particular socialsystem,such an interpretationof the development is the mostaccurateinmeaning.

Thus,"sustainable development"can be interpreted asa process of continuous changeofthe region’s system in the direction ofincreasingcomplexity of its structure and behaviorin the economic environment.At the same timethe increasing complexity andbehavior ofthe systemmust provide its increasingsustainability achieveddue to the manageability growth.Controlleddevelopmentis stepwisein nature,which determines thestableareas of the system.To achieve effective management it is recommendedto constantlytest the environment ensuringsustainable development.

However,a number of problems, according toZalikhanov M. Ch.,Matrosov V.M.andprof.Shelekhov A.M.[7] are common tomost Russian regions, although the scales and nature ofthese problems as well as the ways to solve themare very different.Theseproblems include:

Overcoming

the aftermath of the crisis,

stabilization of the economy

, accumulation

and implementation of

the factors of sustainable

socio

-economic development;

Restructuring of the economy

adequate

 to the

market demand,

 to the

new paradigm of development in Russia

Lesen Sie weiter in der vollständigen Ausgabe!

Lesen Sie weiter in der vollständigen Ausgabe!

Lesen Sie weiter in der vollständigen Ausgabe!

Lesen Sie weiter in der vollständigen Ausgabe!

Lesen Sie weiter in der vollständigen Ausgabe!

Lesen Sie weiter in der vollständigen Ausgabe!

Lesen Sie weiter in der vollständigen Ausgabe!

Lesen Sie weiter in der vollständigen Ausgabe!

Lesen Sie weiter in der vollständigen Ausgabe!

Lesen Sie weiter in der vollständigen Ausgabe!

Lesen Sie weiter in der vollständigen Ausgabe!

Lesen Sie weiter in der vollständigen Ausgabe!

Lesen Sie weiter in der vollständigen Ausgabe!

Lesen Sie weiter in der vollständigen Ausgabe!

Lesen Sie weiter in der vollständigen Ausgabe!

Lesen Sie weiter in der vollständigen Ausgabe!

Lesen Sie weiter in der vollständigen Ausgabe!

Lesen Sie weiter in der vollständigen Ausgabe!

Lesen Sie weiter in der vollständigen Ausgabe!