A Verse Exposition Of Psalms (Volume 1) - Charles H. Spurgeon - ebook
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THE TRUSTED COMMENTARY COLLECTION is a new release of much loved and oft used commentaries.Each commentary is beautifully formatted with every verse given an uncluttered presentation for ease of reference and use. We have taken great care to provide you with each individual commentary as it was intended and written by the original author.Our commentaries are equipped with the very best active tables of contents that drill down from the main contents page to the individual Bible book, to the author, to the Bible book chapter and then to the very verse you are looking to study. These tables of contents have been designed for ease of use and to get you to the exact verse you are looking at.In this volume we give you Charles H. Spurgeon commentary on the book of The Psalms chapters 1 through to 75 (apart from Psalm 1, 7, 10, 11, 15, 29, 35, 36, 52, 53, 54, 58, 59, 60, 61, 64, 65, 67, 70, 74 & 75 as Spurgeon did not provide an exposition on these Psalms from the pulpit of the Metropolitan Tabernacle).The Prince of Preachers, Charles H. Spurgeon (19th June 1834 – 31 January 1892) was not only a wonderful orator but also magnificent with his pen. The sermons he preached touched the lives of thousands. His writings still continue to reach those who read them to this very day. Reading Spurgeon today may be secondary to the impossibility of hearing him but there is no doubt that his words still carry the weight of Biblical truth. Spurgeon is best remembered as the pastor the Metropolitan Tabernacle, London, England. There he enjoyed many years of fruitful ministry, leading people to Christ and pastoring the ever growing congregation of the Church.

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MAIN CONTENTS

Psalms Contents

Thank You

PSALMS

Charles H. Spurgeon Commentary Contents

Charles H. Spurgeon’s Psalms Commentary Contents

Chapter One - Psalm 1

Chapter Two - Psalm 2

Chapter Three - Psalm 3

Chapter Four - Psalm 4

Chapter Five - Psalm 5

Chapter Six - Psalm 6

Chapter Seven - Psalm 7

Chapter Eight - Psalm 8

Chapter Nine - Psalm 9

Chapter Ten - Psalm 10

Chapter Eleven - Psalm 11

Chapter Twelve - Psalm 12

Chapter Thirteen - Psalm 13

Chapter Fourteen - Psalm 14

Chapter Fifteen - Psalm 15

Chapter Sixteen - Psalm 16

Chapter Seventeen - Psalm 17

Chapter Eighteen - Psalm 18

Chapter Nineteen - Psalm 19

Chapter Twenty - Psalm 20

Chapter Twenty-One - Psalm 21

Chapter Twenty-Two - Psalm 22

Chapter Twenty-Three - Psalm 23

Chapter Twenty-Four - Psalm 24

Chapter Twenty-Five - Psalm 25

Chapter Twenty-Six - Psalm 26

Chapter Twenty-Seven - Psalm 27

Chapter Twenty-Eight - Psalm 28

Chapter Twenty-Nine - Psalm 29

Chapter Thirty - Psalm 30

Chapter Thirty-One - Psalm 31

Chapter Thirty-Two - Psalm 32

Chapter Thirty-Three - Psalm 33

Chapter Thirty-Four - Psalm 34

Chapter Thirty-Five - Psalm 35

Chapter Thirty-Six - Psalm 36

Chapter Thirty-Seven - Psalm 37

Chapter Thirty-Eight - Psalm 38

Chapter Thirty-Nine - Psalm 39

Chapter Forty - Psalm 40

Chapter Forty-One - Psalm 41

Chapter Forty-Two - Psalm 42

Chapter Forty-Three - Psalm 43

Chapter Forty-Four - Psalm 44

Chapter Forty-Five - Psalm 45

Chapter Forty-Six - Psalm 46

Chapter Forty-Seven - Psalm 47

Chapter Forty-Eight - Psalm 48

Chapter Forty-Nine - Psalm 49

Chapter Fifty - Psalm 50

Chapter Fifty-One - Psalm 51

Chapter Fifty-Two - Psalm 52

Chapter Fifty-Three - Psalm 53

Chapter Fifty-Four - Psalm 54

Chapter Fifty-Five - Psalm 55

Chapter Fifty-Six - Psalm 56

Chapter Fifty-Seven - Psalm 57

Chapter Fifty-Eight - Psalm 58

Chapter Fifty-Nine - Psalm 59

Chapter Sixty - Psalm 60

Chapter Sixty-One - Psalm 61

Chapter Sixty-Two - Psalm 62

Chapter Sixty-Three - Psalm 63

Chapter Sixty-Four - Psalm 64

Chapter Sixty-Five - Psalm 65

Chapter Sixty-Six - Psalm 66

Chapter Sixty-Seven - Psalm 67

Chapter Sixty-Eight - Psalm 68

Chapter Sixty-Nine - Psalm 69

Chapter Seventy - Psalm 70

Chapter Seventy-One - Psalm 71

Chapter Seventy-Two - Psalm 72

Chapter Seventy-Three - Psalm 73

Chapter Seventy-Four - Psalm 74

Chapter Seventy-Five - Psalm 75

Thank You

CHAPTER ONE

Psalm 1

CHARLES H. SPURGEON COMMENTARY

Psalm 1 Contents

Verses 1-6

SPURGEON CONTENTS

PSALMS CONTENTS

MAIN CONTENTS

SPURGEON PROVIDED NO EXPOSITION ON THIS PSALM

SPURGEON CONTENTS

SPURGEON PSALM 1 CONTENTS

PSALMS CONTENTS

MAIN CONTENTS

CHAPTER TWO

Psalm 2

CHARLES H. SPURGEON COMMENTARY

Psalm 2 Contents

Verses 1-12

SPURGEON CONTENTS

PSALMS CONTENTS

MAIN CONTENTS

Verses 1-12

Psalms 2:1-3. Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing? The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying, Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us.

The conspiracy was both strong and influential, The kings and the rulers combined against Jehovah and against his Christ. They were very determined; they set themselves with resolute purpose; they took counsel together. They were full of a horrible enthusiasm; they raged; they thought the work as good as done, but they imagined a vain thing. The fight was against Jehovah, and against his Anointed, the Christ, the Messiah. What came of it all? Did they break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from them? Listen: -

Psalms 2:4. He that sitteth in the heavens shalt laugh: the Lord shall have them in derision.

For what can mortals be as compared with the Eternal? The fire can readily enough consume the tow. Shall men set themselves in opposition to omnipotence, and hope to prosper? And when God determines to glorify his anointed Son, shall worms of the dust prevent him from doing so’? What can come of all their opposition? God simply laughs at them, Jehovah has them in derision.

Psalms 2:5. Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure.

He scarcely needs to lift his hand, he has only to speak; and when Jehovah speaks in wrath, his words are thunderbolts. Men’s hearts are indeed troubled when God’s words come hot with anger into their spirits. This is what God said:-

Psalms 2:6. Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.

“You have raged, you have deliberated, you have resolved; but it is all nothing. There is my Son, the crowned King.” And such is the Anointed tonight; the Christ is on the throne, let Isis enemies say what they will, and he must reign, nothing can prevent it. He must be King of kings and Lord of lords, for thus is it written concerning him.

Psalms 2:7. I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.

This is the seal of the Anointed. He is the Son of the Highest, the only begotten Son of the Father, who says to him, “Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.”

Psalms 2:8. Ask of me, and I shalt give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession.

Christ is asking of his Father; even he cannot have what he desires without asking for it. Prayer is so essential to the progress of the kingdom of Christ that even Christ himself must ask. But then God has promised to give to Christ the heathen for his inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth to be his possession. This is the great strength of all missionary enterprise. Dear friends, we may be quite sure that the earth will be filled with the knowledge of the Lord when we read such a text as this: “I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession.” If men will not yield to the Lord when he is made known to them, if they resist the drawings of divine love, what will happen? Listen:-

Psalms 2:9-10. Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces, like a potter’s vessel. Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth.

“Ye rulers, ye magistrates, ye senators, ye governors of the earth, be wise, be instructed.”

Psalms 2:11. Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling.

“If you are wise, you will obey the superior King; you will yield obedience to the great Lord of all.”

Psalms 2:12. Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the Way, when his wrath is kindled but a little.

The kings and rulers are bidden to do this; let each one of us do the same, let us give the kiss of homage to him whom God has made to be our King, and take him to be our Lord and Ruler for ever and ever.

Psalms 2:12. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.

It is so; those of us who have tried it can bear witness that it is so, there is no life like a life of trust in God. The nearest approach to heaven that we can live in this mortal body is a life of simple confidence in the Lord Jesus Christ. Now let us read concerning our Lord’s first coming and appearance amongst the sons of men. Turn to the Gospel according to Matthew, at the third chapter.

This exposition consisted of readings from Psalms 2, and Matthew 3.

SPURGEON CONTENTS

SPURGEON PSALM 2 CONTENTS

PSALMS CONTENTS

MAIN CONTENTS

CHAPTER THREE

Psalm 3

CHARLES H. SPURGEON COMMENTARY

Psalm 3 Contents

Verses 1-8

SPURGEON CONTENTS

PSALMS CONTENTS

MAIN CONTENTS

Verses 1-8

These may be called very properly morning and evening Psalms. The third Psalm is the morning Psalm. A psalm of David when he fled from Absalom, his son. A dark hour that for David, preceded by the shadows of his own sin, and now deepened by the horrible hatred of his own favorite child, who conspired to take his kingdom and his life.

Psalms 2:1. LORD how are they increased that trouble me!

As if he could not measure his troubles. He stands amazed. He makes his appeal to God.

Psalms 2:2-3. Many are they that rise up against me. Many there be which say of my soul, There is no help for him in God. Selah.

That is the worst of all, when they begin to ridicule his religion. He was a man who had said much of his faith in God; and in former days he had done great marvels by trusting in the living God; and now one and another dared to say openly that God had cast him off.

Psalms 2:3. But thou, O LORD, art a shield for me; my glory, and the lifter up of mine head.

The word in the Hebrew is a bigger word than the word shield. It is a buckler — a kind of guard above, around, beneath, an all-surrounding defense. “Thou, Lord, art a shield for me. They cannot harm me. They cannot kill me. I am still guarded by God; and, what is more, thou art my glory. Though my glory is taken away, yet I glory in thee. Whatever else I have not, I have a God, a God that I dare glory in too, for there is no such God as he is. And thou art the lifter up of my head.” My head is still above water. I do not yet sink, and my head shall rise again. Though I bow it down like a bulrush now, I shall one day praise him. I know that I shall, for he is the health of my countenance.

Psalms 2:4. I cried unto the LORD with my voice, and he heard me out of his holy hill. Selah.

He means that he loved to pray alone, but to use his voice in prayer. I have heard many Christians say that they can pray better when they can hear their own voices; they are better able to collect their thoughts. The voice is not necessary to prayer. It is the mere body of prayer. Still, a right healthy body may help the soul, and sometimes the use of the voice may help the spirit. David says that he cried to God; and then it happened to him, as it always happens to us: “He heard me out of his holy hill.”

Psalms 2:5. I laid me down and slept;

Far from the palace, and from the place of worship where he loved to meet with God.

Psalms 2:5. I awaked; for the LORD sustained me.

I was kept through the night watches; through restless anxiety I slept. Now God sustains our hearts, even when we are asleep, for else we should not sleep. We should be restless and wakeful. But God gives us a peace ere we fall asleep, which abides with us as a blessed balm of rest, and so we sleep.

Psalms 2:6-7. I will not be afraid of ten thousands of people, that have set themselves against me round about. Arise, O LORD save me, O my God: for thou hast smitten all mine enemies upon the cheek bone; thou hast broken the teeth of the ungodly.

They were like fierce lions threatening to devour him. They had already rent him in malice. God came and smote them on the jaw, so that they lost their strength to injure him.

Psalms 2:8. Salvation belongeth unto the LORD: thy blessing is upon thy people. Selah.

That is a sweet morning hymn. Sound Calvinistic doctrine that. “Salvation belongeth unto the Lord.” It is he that saves man. It is he that delivers those that are saved. And here is the speciality and peculiarity of his grace.

“Thy blessing is upon thy people.” Oh! to be remembered with them! Then, even if an Absalom should persecute us, the blessing is not withdrawn, for this is entailed upon the children of God.

“Thy blessing is upon thy people.”

Now for the evening hymn.

This exposition consisted of readings from Psalms 3 and Psalms 4:1-6.

SPURGEON CONTENTS

SPURGEON PSALM 3 CONTENTS

PSALMS CONTENTS

MAIN CONTENTS

CHAPTER FOUR

Psalm 4

CHARLES H. SPURGEON COMMENTARY

Psalm 4 Contents

Verses 1-6

Verses 1-8

SPURGEON CONTENTS

PSALMS CONTENTS

MAIN CONTENTS

Verses 1-6

Psalms 4:1. Hear me, when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer.

Past experience is a sweet solace in the hour of trouble. “Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress.” Think of what God has been to you, you tried ones, for he will be the same still. And can he have taught you to trust in his name, And thus far have brought you to put you to shame? Is this God’s way — to be gracious to his people, and then to turn against them? God forbid. Pray, then, with the grateful memory of all his loving-kindness. “Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress. Have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer.”

Psalms 4:2. O ye sons of men, how, long will ye turn my glory into shame? how long will ye love vanity, and seek after leasing? Selah.

How long will ye take to lies? How long will you abuse a character which deserves not your censure? How long will you pour contempt upon God, whom you ought to serve? But know He talks to them as if they did not know, while they thought themselves the most knowing people in the world.

Psalms 4:3. That the LORD hath set apart him that is godly for himself:

He has marked him out to be his own peculiar treasure. “The Lord’s portion is his people. Jacob is the lot of his inheritance.” Now if God has marked out his people to be his own, he will defend them. He will guard them against every adversary. They shall not be destroyed.

Psalms 4:3. The LORD will hear when I call unto him.

The sweet assurance that prayer will prevail is one of the best comforts in the cloudy and dark day.

Psalms 4:4. Stand in awe, and sin not: commune with your own heart upon your bed, and be still. Selah.

Tremble and sin not. Unhappily, there are many that sin and tremble not. They reverse the text. A trembling saint is often all the more saint because he trembles. Tremble and sin not. If there is not a mixture of prayer with our hope and our confidence, it is like meat without salt in it. It is apt to grow corrupt in prosperous sunny weather. Oh! for the fear of God in our hearts! Stand in awe, and sin not. Commune with your own heart. A man ought to be the best of company to himself. It is one reason why we should be well acquainted with the Word of God — that if ever we are left alone, we may be good companions to ourselves. “Commune with your own heart upon your bed, and be still.” Hush that babel. Let God speak. Get to your bed, away from the noise of the streets and the roll of the traffic. “Commune with your own heart upon your bed, and be still.” Some men cannot bear stillness. The quiet of their own hearts disturbs them. There must be something very rotten in the state of the man’s life who loves not some seasons of solitude. Some of us are less alone when we are alone, and most at home even when others count themselves abroad. “Commune with your own heart upon your bed, and be still.”

Psalms 4:5. Offer the sacrifices of righteousness,

Bring your prayers, your praises. Present to God your hearts, your love, your trust.

Psalms 4:5-6. And put your trust in the LORD. There be many that say, Who will shew us any good?

Gaping about for some good thing; thirsting — they know not what they are thirsting for. “Who will show us any good?” Come from the east, or the west, or the north, or the south; only bring us something that promises pleasure, and we are your men. There be many that say, “Who will show us any good?” But we say not so. Our saying is another sort.

Psalms 4:6. LORD, lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon us.

Is not that what many of you are saying tonight? You know what you want. You know that there is nothing else that will satisfy you. “Lord, lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon us.” We are not well. Lord, we ask thee that it may be well between our souls and thee.

This exposition consisted of readings from Psalms 3 and Psalms 4:1-6.

SPURGEON CONTENTS

SPURGEON PSALM 4 CONTENTS

PSALMS CONTENTS

MAIN CONTENTS

Verses 1-8

Psalms 4:1. Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer.

Good men want to be heard when they pray, they are not satisfied with merely praying, they must have God’s answers to their supplications. See how David pleads the past mercy received from God: “ Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress.” Cannot my own heart look back to God’s lovingkindness to me in days gone by .’ Oh, yes! Then, as he is the same God, what he has done in the past is an argument for what he will do in the future. There are some of us here who can adopt the psalmist’s language, and say, “Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer.”

Psalms 4:2. O ye sons of men, how long will ye turn my glory into shame?

How long will you slander me, how long will you slander God, how long will you turn the gospel into ridicule, how long will you resist the Spirit of God?

Psalms 4:2. How long will ye love vanity, and seek after leasing?

That is, after falsehood, after lying? Why do men seek after falsehood?

What attraction can it have for them? Why, only this attraction, that it suits a fool’s heart to feed on falsehood.

Psalms 4:3. But know that the LORD hath set apart him that is godly for himself:

You cannot hurt him, for God has hedged him about. You may say what you please against him, but God loves him, and will take care of him.

Psalms 4:3. The LORD will hear when I call unto him.

What a sweet assurance! O brethren, the mercy-seat is always open to us! It will be a blessed thing if every one of us can say, with David, “The Lord will hear when I call unto him.”

Psalms 4:4. Stand in awe, and sin not:

This is good advice to ungodly men; let them feel aright the awe of God presence, and they must turn from sin. Holy reverence is a great preservative from sin.

Psalms 4:4. Commune with your own heart upon your bed, and be still.

Hold private communion with yourself, in a private place, at a private hour. “Be still.” We are far too noisy, most of us talk too much. It would often make men wiser if they were stiller. If a still tongue does not make a wise head, yet it tends that way.

Psalms 4:6. Offer the sacrifices of righteousness, and put your trust in the LORD.

This is a capital rule for the whole of life. Serve God, and trust in him; do what is right, and rest in the God of right.

Psalms 4:6. There be many that say, who will shew us any good?

We all want to see anything that is really good, we do not care who shows it to us, even if it be the devil himself. ‘Who will shew us any good?” That question may have another meaning, for there are some who have no desire for spiritual good, for such good as God calls good.

Psalms 4:6. LORD, lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon us.

David began the Psalm with a personal petition, “Hear me when I call,” but now he begins to glow in spirit, and as his prayer burns more vehemently he prays for others also: “Lord, lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon us.” This is our highest joy, this is our greatest good, to walk in the light or God’s countenance. If we have the favour of God, and know that we have it, we need ask for nothing else, for every other blessing is assured to those who have the favour of God.

Psalms 4:7. Thou hast put gladness in my heart, more than in the time that their corn and their wine increased.

The harvest and the vintage were the two seasons of greatest joy in the East, they shouted “Harvest Home” with gladness that the fruits of the earth had again been ingathered, and they drank the new wine, and danced for joy; but David says to the Lord, “ Thou hast put gladness in my heart, more than in the time that their corn and their wine increased. “ When God puts gladness in the heart, it is real gladness, for God is not the Giver of a sham joy; and it is lasting gladness, for God does not give temporary gifts. David says, “Thou hast put gladness in my heart,” and then he compares it with the gladness of the sons of men, and he says that his joy was greater than theirs when their earthly stores were increased. Boaz went to sleep on the threshing-floor, but he that sleeps upon the bosom of God has a far softer bed than that.

Psalms 4:8. I will both lay me down in peace, and sleep: for thou, LORD, only makest me dwell in safety.

He who has Jehovah as his God is at home even when he is abroad, he is well guarded even when he has none upon earth to protect him, and he can go to sleep in calm confidence when others would be disturbed in mind and too timid to close their eyes.

This exposition consisted of readings from Psalms 4, 5.

SPURGEON CONTENTS

SPURGEON PSALM 4 CONTENTS

PSALMS CONTENTS

MAIN CONTENTS

CHAPTER FIVE

Psalm 5

CHARLES H. SPURGEON COMMENTARY

Psalm 5 Contents

Verses 1-12

SPURGEON CONTENTS

PSALMS CONTENTS

MAIN CONTENTS

Verses 1-12

Psalms 5:1. Give ear to my words, O LORD, consider my meditation.

Sometimes we pray right off, as David did when he cried to the Lord, “Hear me when I call.” At other times, we sit down to meditate, and think over what we want to say to the Lord in prayer, as David did when he said, “ ‘O Lord, consider my meditation.’ What I have considered do thou consider.” A well-considered prayer is very likely to succeed with God.

Psalms 5:2. Hearken unto the voice of my cry,-

“When I have not confidence or comfort enough to present a well-ordered prayer to thee; but, like a child in pain, cry unto thee, ‘Hearken unto the voice of my cry,’”-

Psalms 5:2. My King, and my God:

What! will a king hearken to a cry? Men generally prepare elaborate petitions when they come into the presence of royalty; but, although the Lord is far greater than all earthly sovereigns, he is far more condescending than they are.

Psalms 5:2. For unto the will I pray.

I trust that we all pray; I am sure that all believers do; but let us pray more, let us pray much more than we have done and let us each one truly say to the Lord, “ Unto thee will I pray.” He is a King, so serve him with your prayers. He is God, so adore him with your prayers, and if you can put both your hands on him, and say, as David did, “ My King, and my God,” what abundant motives you have for abounding in prayer to him

Psalms 5:3. My voice shalt thou hear in the morning, O LORD

“When the dew is on all nature, and on my spirit too, then shalt thou hear my voice in prayer. Before I go out into the world, my first thoughts shall be of thee.” Never see the face of man, beloved, until you have seen the face of God.

Psalms 5:3. In the morning will I direct my prayer unto thee, and will look up.

Adjust your prayer as the archer fits his arrow on the bow, look up as you shoot it, and keep on looking up and looking out for an answer to your supplication. You cannot expect God to open the windows of heaven to pour you out a blessing if you do not open the windows of your expectation to look for it. If you look up in asking, God will look down in answering. It is well always to take good aim in prayer; some prayers are like random shots, they cannot be expected to hit the target; but David’s prayer was well aimed, and he expected it to prevail with God: “ In the morning will I direct my prayer unto thee, and will look up.”

Psalms 5:4. For thou art not a God that hath pleasure in wickedness: neither shall evil dwell with thee.

In both of these Psalms there is a clear line drawn between the righteous and the wicked, this is a line which still needs to be kept very clear, and we must all seek to know on which side of that line we are.

Psalms 5:5-6. The foolish shall not stand in thy sight: thou hatest all workers of iniquity. Thou shalt destroy them that speak leasing: the LORD will abhor the bloody and deceitful man.

These are strong words, but not too strong, God is not tolerant of evil and those who are most like him in other respects will be like him in this matter also.

Psalms 5:7. But as for me, I will come into thy house in the multitude of thy mercy:

“I will be like a child who goes in and out of his father’s door as often as he pleases because he is at home. I will not go there on my own merits, but ‘in the multitude of thy mercy.”’

Psalms 5:7. And in thy fear will I worship toward thy holy temple.

There was no temple on earth when David wrote this Psalm, but God was his temple; and so the pious Jew opened the window, and looked towards Jerusalem, so do we look towards God upon the throne of grace in heaven, and seek to worship him in the beauty of holiness.

Psalms 5:8. Lead me, O LORD, in thy righteousness because of mine enemies; make thy way straight before my face.

David does not say, “ Make my way straight, “ he does not want to have his own way, but he wants to walk in God’s way. Thus sweet submission blends with a desire for perfect obedience: “ Make thy way straight before my face.”

Psalms 5:9. For there is no faithfulness in their mouth;-

You cannot expect ungodly men to speak that which is right: “ there is no faithfulness in their mouth; “-

Psalms 5:9.Their inward part is very wickedness; their throat is an open sepulcher;

Pouring out foul, putrid gas. They cannot speak without using filthy or blasphemous expressions, or if they do, there is falsehood lurking behind their words, for deceit and evil of all kinds are in their hearts.

Psalms 5:9. They flatter with their tongue.

Always beware of people who flatter you, and especially when they tell you that they do not flatter you, and that they know you cannot endure flattery, for you are then being most fulsomely flattered, so be on your guard against the tongue of the flatterer.

Psalms 5:10. Destroy thou them, O God; let them fall by their own counsels; cast them out in the multitude of their transgressions; for they have rebelled against thee.

“ It does not matter what they do against me; but, O Lord, ‘they have rebelled against thee.’” David speaks here like a judge pronouncing sentence upon the guilty,-not out of malice, but out of loyalty and devotion to God,

Psalms 5:11-12. But let all those that put their trust in thee rejoice: let them ever shout for joy, because thou defendest them: let them also that love thy name be joyful in thee. For thou, LORD, wilt bless the righteous; with favour wilt thou compass him as with a shield.

This exposition consisted of readings from Psalms 4, 5.

SPURGEON CONTENTS

SPURGEON PSALM 5 CONTENTS

PSALMS CONTENTS

MAIN CONTENTS

CHAPTER SIX

Psalm 6

CHARLES H. SPURGEON COMMENTARY

Psalm 6 Contents

Verses 1-10

SPURGEON CONTENTS

PSALMS CONTENTS

MAIN CONTENTS

Verses 1-10

Here the psalmist asks for a visit from God, for he is sick at heart, heavy and depressed. Be very thankful if that is not your case; but if it is, be very grateful that here is a prayer ready-made for you. Here you are taught how to cry to God, and what to expect from him. If you are very sick and sad, you are not worse off than David was. Send for David’s Physician; you cannot have a better doctor than the royal Physician. He who waited on King David is prepared to wait on you.

Psalms 6:1. O LORD, rebuke me not in thine anger,

“Rebuke me; it will do me good; I need it; but not in anger. Be gentle and tender with me: ‘Rebuke me not in thine anger.’”

Psalms 6:1. Neither chasten me in thy hot displeasure.

“Chasten me; it may be that the rod will be very curative to me; but let not the chastening be given in thy hot displeasure. Be not very angry with thy poor sinful servant. If thou dost not turn away thy rod, yet turn away thy wrath. It is a sweet prayer. Some people cry to God about their sickness; it is much better to cry to God about the cause of it; that is to say, if it be a chastisement for sin, get rid of the sin, and the rod will then be removed.

Psalms 6:2. Have mercy upon me, O LORD for I am weak: O LORD, heal me; for my bones are vexed.

“Have mercy upon me, O Lord; for I am weak.” This was a sweet reason for David to urge: “For I am weak.” He could not say, “For I am worthy.” He would not have dared to say that. He could not say that when he said, “Have mercy,” for mercy is for the unworthy. Justice is for the good; mercy is for those who are guilty. “Have mercy upon me, O Lord; for I am weak: O Lord, heal me; for my bones are vexed.” Plead the greatness of your disease as a reason for the remedy. Do not come with your self-righteousness; that will hinder you. Come with your sorrow and your sin, your weakness and your pain, and plead these before God.

Psalms 6:3. My soul is also sore vexed:

That is worse than the bones being vexed. “The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit who can bear?”

Psalms 6:3. But thou, O LORD, how long?

There is the pith of the prayer. David is troubled because God is away from him; he has lost communion with his Lord; he has got out of fellowship with his God, and here comes the most necessary cry of all: —

Psalms 6:4. Return, O LORD, deliver my soul: oh save me for thy mercies’ sake.

Will not that prayer suit you who are here tonight, you who are full of sin, and are heart-broken about it, and dread the wrath to come? I put this prayer into your mouths, and pray the Holy Spirit to put it into your hearts: “Oh save me for thy mercies’ sake.”

Psalms 6:5. For in death there is no remembrance of thee: in the grave who shall give thee thanks?

As much as to say, “If thou lettest me die, thou wilt lose one singer out of thy earthly choir; but if thou wilt let me live, I will remember thee; I will praise thee; I will give thee thanks.” Do you feel like saying tonight, “Lord, if thou shalt destroy me, thou wilt gain nothing by it; but if thou wilt save me, there will be one who will give thee thanks for ever”? I have told you sometimes of that old woman who said, “If the Lord does save me, he shall never hear the last of it.” And you and I can also say that if he saves us, he shall never hear the last of it; we will praise him throughout eternity for his great salvation.

Psalms 6:6. I am weary with my groaning; all the night make I my bed to swim; I water my couch with my tears.

David was in a very sorry case when he wrote these words. So great was his pain, so acute his sorrow, that all the sluices of his eyes were pulled up, and he seemed to float his bed in tears, and to be like George Herbert when he wrote: —

“O who will give me tears? Come, all ye springs,

Dwell in my head and eyes: come, clouds and rain:

My grief hath need of all the watery things,

That nature hath produced. Let every vein

Suck up a river to supply mine eyes,

My weary, weeping eyes, too dry for me,

Unless they get new conduits, new supplies,

To bear them out, and with my state agree.”

Psalms 6:7. Mine eye is consumed because of grief;

He had almost wept his eyes out; they grew red with his weeping, so that he could not see.

Psalms 6:7. It waxeth old because of all mine enemies.

His eyesight grew dim, like that of an old man. A cataract of grief had put a cataract of blindness into his eyes.

Psalms 6:8. Depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity

He wants his God to come to him, so he bids God’s enemies clear out. If we keep company with the wicked, we cannot invite God to our house, and expect him to come. “Depart from me,” says David, “all ye workers of iniquity.” “You who are singing what you call a jolly song, be off with you. You who are merry with your jokes against religion, begone far from me.”

Psalms 6:8. For the LORD hath heard the voice of my weeping.

“And if he has heard my tears, I do not want you to be here. I cannot associate with God’s enemies now that he has heard the voice of my weeping.” Is not that a beautiful expression, “The voice of my weeping”? Why, there was no sound, was there? Yet there are songs without words, and there are voices without sounds.

Psalms 6:9. The LORD hath heard my supplication; the LORD will receive my prayer.

“I thought at first that he would not take my petition; but I see be stretches out his right hand, he receives my prayer; and if he receives my prayer, I shall soon receive his answer.”

Psalms 6:10. Let all mine enemies be ashamed and sore vexed: let them return and be ashamed suddenly.

Now let us read the eighth Psalm, in which David expresses great wonder that God, whom he had asked to visit him, should deign to do so. I think I see him sitting with his window open. It is night, and he is feeling better; and he bids them throw open the window, and he sits and looks at the stars, glad of the cool, fresh air.

This exposition consisted of readings from Psalms 6:8.

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CHAPTER SEVEN

Psalm 7

CHARLES H. SPURGEON COMMENTARY

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Verses 1-18

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CHAPTER EIGHT

Psalm 8

CHARLES H. SPURGEON COMMENTARY

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Verses 1-9

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Verses 1-9

Psalm 8:1. O LORD our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth! who hast set thy glory above the heavens.

They are very high, but thy glory is higher than the heavens.

Psalm 8:2-4. Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength because of thine enemies, that thou mightest still the enemy and the avenger. When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained; What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him?

He, whose voice rolls the stars along, who makes those bright worlds to fly like sparks from the anvil of his omnipotence, how can he stoop so low as to regard his fallen creature, man, who is so small, so insignificant?

Psalm 8:5-6. For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honour. Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all things under his feet:

Man is God’s viceroy. He reigns over God’s works in God’s name. Let him not set up to be a king, and try to usurp the honour of his great Lord, the Imperator, the Universal Governor.

Psalm 8:7-8. All sheep and oxen, yea, and the beasts of the field; the fowl of the air, and the fish of the sea, and whatsoever passeth through the paths of the seas.

What a king man is! Let him not be cruel to the beasts of the field; let him not be a tyrant; God did not make him for that purpose. Let his reign be generous and kind; and if the animals must suffer, yet spare them as much suffering as possible. O man, be thou a generous viceroy, for thou art under a most generous King, who is himself the happy God, and who delights in the happiness of all his creatures!

Psalm 8:9. O LORD our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth!

Thus does the psalmist finish as he began the psalm, by praising the name of the Lord.

This exposition consisted of readings from Psalms 6:8.

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CHAPTER NINE

Psalm 9

CHARLES H. SPURGEON COMMENTARY

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Verses 1-20

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Verses 1-20

This Psalm has a dedication which is very difficult to understand: “To the chief Musician upon Muthlabben. A Psalm of David.” Either “Muthlabben” is the tune to which the Psalm was to be sung, or some musical instrument that is now forgotten, or else it alludes to Ben, who was one of the Levitical singers mentioned in 1 Chronicles 15:18. In all probability, however, the true translation of the title is, “A Psalm on the death of the son,” or “on the death of the champion,” and it is thought by some that it was composed by David after the death of giant Goliath. If it be so, I think you will see, as we read the Psalm, that it well proclaims the victory which God had wrought.

Psalms 9:1. I will praise thee, O Lord, with my whole heart; I will shew forth all thy marvellous works.

It will be well if we also resolve that we will praise the Lord. Most people have something or someone to praise, so let us select the Lord, even Jehovah, as the subject of our song. Let us resolve that we will praise him continually, for it may be difficult sometimes to do it. The heart may be very heavy; it may even be inclined to rebellion and murmuring, but let us make this strong resolution, in the power of God’s grace: “I will shew forth all thy marvellous works.” Here is room for great variety of praise, and here are abundant topics for praise, for there is no work of God which is not marvellous, and worthy of being praised with our whole heart. So, Lord I will not be dumb. Thou hast given me a tongue, I am not like the brute beasts that cannot speak; my tongue is the glory of my frame, so with it I will show forth all thy marvellous works.

Psalms 9:2. I will be glad and rejoice in thee: I will sing praise to thy name, O thou most High.

Get thee up, then, my soul, out of the dark places of thy despondency. Rise, my drooping spirit, to something higher and better. If thou canst not be glad in anything else, be glad in thy God, — be glad that thou hast a God, and such a God, and that he is thy God still. Whatever else thou mayest have lost, thou hast not lost him. “I will be glad and rejoice.” The reduplication of the words indicates a double joy, — a double gladness, as the apostle says, “Rejoice in the Lord alway: and again I say, Rejoice.” Be glad twice over, for you have double cause for rejoicing in the Lord.

Psalms 9:3. When mine enemies are turned back, they shall fall and perish at thy presence.

As much as to say, “The presence of God is quite enough to make my adversaries flee, — yea, and utterly to cut them off.” As John Wesley said, “The best of all is, God is with us;” and if God be with us, it matters little to us who are against us.

Psalms 9:4. For thou hast maintained my right and my cause; thou satest in the throne judging right.

One of our noblemen has this for his motto, “I will maintain it;” but the Christian has a far better one: “Thou hast maintained my right.” If David sang thus after he had hurled the stone from his sling into Goliath’s skull, he might well magnify the name of the Lord, who had maintained the rights of his people, and put the uncircumcised champion of the Philistines to confusion and death.

Psalms 9:5-6. Thou hast rebuked the heathen, thou hast destroyed the wicked, thou hast put out their name for ever and ever. O thou enemy, —

You can conceive of David, standing on the prostrate form of his fallen foe, and looking on that gigantic countenance and those mighty limbs, crying out, “O thou enemy,” —

Psalms 9:6-7. Destructions are come to a perpetual end: and thou hast destroyed cities, their memorial is perished with them. But the Lord shall endure for ever: he hath prepared his throne for judgment.

“Thou hast destroyed cities,” but thou couldst not destroy God. When thou didst defy the armies of other nations, thou couldst easily put them to rout, but when thou didst defy the living God, then there was an end of thee, for thou couldst not overcome him, nor overcome his people. Blessed be God for this, our faith is founded upon a rock that never shall be removed, and our confidence is fixed upon One who can never fail us, and whose truth must stand fast for ever.

Psalms 9:8-10. And he shall judge the world in righteousness, he shall minister judgment to the people in uprightness. The LORD also will be a refuge for the oppressed, a refuge in times of trouble. And they that know thy name will put their trust in thee:

The basis of faith is knowledge, and there is no knowledge like that which comes from experience. If you know the name of God as Jehovah, — the self-existent and ever-living God, — you will have good reason for trusting him; and then, if you know his many precious names, — such as Jehovah-Tsidkenu, the Lord our Righteousness, Jehovah-Nissi, the Lord my banner; Jehovah-Jireh, the Lord will provide, Jehovah-Shalom, the peace-giving God, and Jehovah-Shammah, the God who is there where his people are — yea, if any one name of God be fully understood by you, you will put your trust in him.

Psalms 9:10-12. For thou, LORD, hast not forsaken them that seek thee. Sing praises to the LORD, which dwelleth in Zion: declare among the people his doings. When he maketh inquisition for blood, he remembereth them:

When the great Coroner’s inquest shall be held upon all who have wrongly suffered, the commission will open by an enquiry concerning the blood of the martyrs: “When he maketh inquisition for blood, he remembereth them.” His suffering ones, who laid down their lives for the truth’s sake, shall find that their blood was precious in his sight.

Psalms 9:12. He forgetteth not the cry of the humble.

Is there not consolation in these words for some of you? You have been humbled, and brought down from your high place; now then, is your time to cry; and when you do so, you will prove that “he forgetteth not the cry of the humble.” There are many, who give heed to the petitions of their needy fellow-creatures, and feel their force, for a time; but they are engaged in business, or occupied in other ways, and they soon forget. Other things crowd out the needy one’s petition, and so he is left unhelped. But it is never so with God: “He forgetteth not the cry of the humble.” Notice, in the next verse, how David avails himself of that truth. He seems to say, “Is it true that God does not forget the cry of the humble? Then I will cry unto him, and my humble cry shall go up to his ear, and to his heart.”

Psalms 9:13. Have mercy upon me, O Lord; —

What a blessed prayer that is, — a prayer useful on all occasions, — under a sense of sin, or under a load of sorrow, — burdened with labour, or crushed with despondency. It is a prayer which is like the cherubim’s sword, which turned every way; you may use it as you will: “Have mercy upon me, O Lord;” —

Psalms 9:13. Consider my trouble which I suffer of them that hate me, thou that lifted me up from the gates of death:

What a lift that is, — lifted up from the gates of death into life, and ultimately into heaven! What an almighty God our Lord proves himself to be at a dead lift! When every other arm is paralyzed, he comes to us, and lifts us up from the gates of death.

Psalms 9:14. That I may shew forth all thy praise in the gates of the daughter of Zion:

From the gates of death to the gates of Zion, is the lift which God gives to his poor suffering people.

Psalms 9:14-15. I will rejoice in thy salvation. The heathen are sunk down in the pit that they made:

If you picture David with the carcase of the giant before him, the Philistines put to ignominious flight, and the Israelites in full pursuit after them, you can understand his saying, “The heathen are sunk down in the pit that they made.”

Psalms 9:15-16. In the net which they hid is their own foot taken. The LORD known by the judgment which he executeth: the wicked is snared in the work of his own hands. Higgaion. Selah.

The probable meaning of these words is, “Consider and pause.” They are musical rests, perhaps; but they also suggest to us how well it is, in our reading of the Scriptures, sometimes to stop a while, and inwardly digest the words that we have read.

Psalms 9:17. The wicked shall be turned into hell, and all the nations that forget God.

Even if they are not outwardly as wicked as other men are, yet their forgetfulness of God is the highest form of injustice to him; it is treason against the majesty of heaven; it is robbing God of what is his right; it is a combination of everything that is evil.

Psalms 9:18-20. For the needy shall not alway be forgotten: the expectation of the poor shall not perish for ever. Arise, O LORD, let not man prevail: let the heathen be judged in thy sight. Put them in fear, O LORD: that the nations may know themselves to be but men.

They boast that they are men, and that they quit themselves like men. Yet let them know that, although they are men, they are only men, with all the infirmities and imperfections of men, and that there is a God who will, in due time, let men know that they are but men, and that the best of men are but men at their best.

Psalms 9:20. Selah.

Pause again, think over what we have been reading, and lift up your heart in prayer to God, seeking the aid of the Holy Spirit to apply the truth to your soul.

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CHAPTER TEN

Psalm 10

CHARLES H. SPURGEON COMMENTARY

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Verses 1-18

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CHAPTER ELEVEN

Psalm 11

CHARLES H. SPURGEON COMMENTARY

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Verses 1-7

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CHAPTER TWELVE

Psalm 12

CHARLES H. SPURGEON COMMENTARY

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Verses 1-8

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Verses 1-8

Psalms 12:1. Help, LORD for the godly man ceaseth; for the faithful fail from among the children of men.

The Psalm speaks of a very discouraging time, and records a very dreary fact, but the psalmist is wise, and turns to God with that short, sententious prayer, “Help, Lord.”

Psalms 12:2-3. They speak vanity every one with his neighbour: with flattering lips and with a double heart do they speak. The LORD shall cut off all flattering lips, and the tongue that speaketh proud things:

They will not be able to continue speaking falsely and proudly for over; a shovelful of earth from the grave-digger’s spade will silence them, and a terrible display of God’s justice will make them speechless for ever.

Psalms 12:4-5. Who have said, With our tongue will we prevail; our lips are our own: who is lord over us? For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now will I arise, saith the LORD I will set him in safety from him that puffeth at him.

That is all it is, only a puff, — the biggest brag of the wicked, the most tremendous threat against the Lord’s people, is but a puff after all; and God will set his people high above all those who puff at them.

Psalms 12:6-8. The words of the LORD are pure words: as silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times. Thou shalt beep them, O LORD, thou shall preserve them from this generation for ever. The wicked walk on every side when the vilest men are exalted.

Now let us read in Jeremiah’s prophecy, chapter 8. Remember, dear brethren, that Jeremiah had the very sorrowful task of warning a people who would not give heed to his warnings. He prophesied evil, — evil which began to come upon the people even while he prophesied, yet they would not turn to God. I sometimes think Jeremiah was the greatest of all the prophets, because, in the teeth of perpetual opposition, with no measure of success whatever, he continued to be faithful to God and to deliver the message with which he was sent, weeping the while over people who would not weep for themselves.

This exposition consisted of readings from Psalms 12.; and Jeremiah 8, and Jeremiah 9:1.

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CHAPTER THIRTEEN

Psalm 13

CHARLES H. SPURGEON COMMENTARY

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Verses 1-6

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Verses 1-6

Psalms 13:1-2. How long wilt thou forget me, O LORD? for ever? how long wilt thou hide thy face from me? How long shall I take counsel in my soul, having sorrow in my heart daily? how long shall mine enemy be exalted over me?

When you and I have to spread our complaints before God, we are not the first who have done so. When we complain of God’s forsaking us, we are not alone. There was a greater than David who, even in the article of death, cried, “My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?”

Psalms 13:3. Consider and hear me, O LORD my God: lighten mine eyes, lest I sleep the sleep of death;